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U+7A74, 穴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A74

[U+7A73]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A75]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 116, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 十金 (JC), four-corner 30802, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #116, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 862, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25406
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1288, character 37
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2718, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7A74

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷliːɡ
*qʰʷliːɡ, *ɡʷliːɡ
*ɡʷliːɡ
*ɡʷliːɡ, *ɢʷjiɡ
*ɢʷiɡ

Pictogram (象形)—possibly an entrance to a cave or a door flap.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • huag8 - Shantou;
  • huêg8 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕyɛ˥˩/
    /ɕyɛ˧˥/
    Harbin /ɕyɛ˥˧/
    Tianjin /ɕye˥˧/
    Jinan /ɕyə˦˨/
    Qingdao /ɕyə˦˨/
    Zhengzhou /ɕyɛ˦˨/
    Xi'an /ɕiɛ˨˦/
    Xining /ɕi˨˦/
    Yinchuan /ɕye˩˧/
    Lanzhou /ɕyə˩˧/
    Ürümqi /ɕyɤ˨˩˧/
    Wuhan /ɕye˨˩˧/
    /ɕie˨˩˧/
    Chengdu /ɕie˧˩/
    Guiyang /ɕie˨˩/
    Kunming /ɕiɛ˧˩/
    Nanjing /ɕyeʔ˥/
    Hefei /ɕyɐʔ˥/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ˥˦/
    Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ˥˧/
    Hohhot /ɕyaʔ˦˧/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ˩/
    /ɦyɪʔ˩/
    Suzhou /ɦyəʔ˧/
    Hangzhou /ɦyəʔ˨/
    Wenzhou /jy˨˩˧/
    Hui Shexian /ɕye˨˨/
    Tunxi /ɕyɛ˥/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕie˨˦/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰyæ˨˦/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕyɵʔ˨/
    Hakka Meixian /hiat̚˥/
    Taoyuan /hiet̚˥˥/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jyt̚˨/
    Nanning /yt̚˨˨/
    Hong Kong /jyt̚˨/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiat̚˥/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieʔ˥/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiɛ˦˦/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚˥/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hit̚˧/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (88)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦwet̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷet̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuɛt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwɛt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuet̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣiwet̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣiwet̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xué
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xué
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷˁi[t]/
    English cave, pit

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14092
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷliːɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. hole
    2. grave (pit)
    3. cave; cavern
    4. (figuratively) lair; den
    5. (traditional Chinese medicine) acupoint

    SynonymsEdit

    • (hole):
    Dialectal synonyms of (“hole”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese , ,
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) , , 孔洞, 空洞, 空穴
    Mandarin Beijing 窟窿
    Jinan 窟窿
    Xi'an 窟窿子, 窟窿
    Wuhan 窟窿, 窟眼, 洞洞,
    Chengdu 窟窿, 洞洞,
    Yangzhou
    Hefei 窟窿,
    Cantonese Guangzhou 窿, 咕窿
    Hong Kong 窿, 咕窿
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian 窿仔, 窿空仔
    Jin Taiyuan 窟窿, 窟子
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou 空空
    Min Nan Xiamen , 空口
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou 空口
    Taipei
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou , , 窟窿
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng 眼貢,

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. hole, opening

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    Kanji in this term
    あな
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あな, rōmaji ana)

    1. hole
      靴下 (くつした) (あな) ()いた
      Kutsushita ni ana ga aita.
      My socks got a hole in them.
      (literally, “A hole opened up in my socks.”)
    2. opening, aperture
    3. pit
    4. cave, cavern
    5. lair, den, burrow
    6. loss, deficit
    7. flaw, defect

    SynonymsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 구멍 (gumeong hyeol))

    1. (구멍 혈, gumeong-): hole, hollow
    2. (구덩이 혈, gudeong'i-): pit, ditch
    3. ( 혈, gul-): cave, cavern, cavity; den, burrow, sett
    4. ( 혈, um-): dugout

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (huyệt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.