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ChineseEdit

barbarian; recklessly; surname pepper
simp. and trad.
(胡椒)
variant forms 楜椒
 
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EtymologyEdit

“Foreign pepper”. The principal time of import to China was estimated to be during the Tang dynasty, and the source―per the miscellany Miscellaneous Morsels from Youyang of the 9th century CE―was the Magadha Kingdom of India, where it was called 昧履支 (MC muʌiH liɪX t͡ɕiᴇ) locally; cf. Sanskrit मरिच (marica, black pepper).

PronunciationEdit


Note: hou5 ziê1 - Chaozhou.

NounEdit

胡椒

  1. pepper, especially black pepper (both the plant and the spice)
  2. Short for 胡椒粉 (hújiāofěn, “pepper powder”).
  3. (Min Dong) nonsense; bullshit
  4. (dialectal Mandarin) chili pepper; red pepper

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 辣椒 (“chili pepper”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 辣椒
Taxonomic name 辣椒
Mandarin Beijing 辣椒, 秦椒
Taiwan 辣椒
Harbin 辣椒
Shenyang 辣椒
Jinan 辣椒
Muping 辣椒
Luoyang 辣椒, 秦椒
Wanrong 秦椒
Wanrong (Ronghe) 麻椒
Xi'an 辣子
Zhengzhou 秦椒
Xining 辣子
Xuzhou 辣椒兒, 辣椒
Yinchuan 辣子, 辣角子
Lanzhou 辣子
Ürümqi 辣子
Wuhan 大胡椒
Chengdu 海椒, 辣子
Guiyang 辣角, 辣椒
Liuzhou 辣椒
Kunming 辣子
Yangzhou 大椒
Nanjing 胡椒, 辣椒
Hefei 大椒, 大椒子
Nantong 班椒
Cantonese Guangzhou 辣椒
Hong Kong 辣椒
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 辣椒
Foshan 辣椒
Shunde 辣椒
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 辣椒
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 辣椒
Taishan 辣椒, 雞心椒
Kaiping (Chikan) 辣椒
Dongguan 辣椒
Shaoguan 辣椒
Yunfu 辣椒
Yangjiang 辣椒
Xinyi 辣椒
Lianjiang 辣椒
Nanning 辣椒
Danzhou 番椒
Kuala Lumpur 辣椒
Gan Nanchang 辣椒
Lichuan 辣椒
Pingxiang 辣椒
Hakka Meixian 辣椒
Changting 番椒
Wuping 番椒子
Liancheng 閉椒
Ninghua 茄椒
Yudu 辣椒
Ruijin 辣子
Shicheng 茄椒
Shangyou 辣椒
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 辣椒仔, 番椒
Liudui (S. Sixian) 辣椒仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 辣椒仔, 番椒
Dongshi (Dabu) 辣椒
Hsinchu (Raoping) 辣椒, 辣椒仔, 番椒
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 薟椒
Hong Kong 辣椒
Sabah 辣椒
Senai 辣椒
Singkawang 薟椒
Huizhou Jixi 辣茄
Shexian 辣茄兒, 辣椒
Tunxi 辣椒
Jin Taiyuan 辣角角, 尖辣角, 辣角子
Pingyao 辣角角
Xinzhou 辣角子
Min Bei Jian'ou 番椒
Dikou 番椒
Songxi 辣椒
Zhenghe 番椒
Zhenqian 番椒
Jianyang 番椒
Wuyishan 番椒
Shibei 番椒
Min Dong Fuzhou 番椒, 辣椒
Fuqing 辣椒
Fu'an 辣茄
Shouning 番椒
Min Nan Xiamen 番薑, 番椒
Quanzhou 番薑
Jinjiang 番椒
Zhangzhou 番薑
Taipei 辣椒, 番薑仔
Kaohsiung 番仔薑, 薟椒仔
Tainan 番仔薑
Taichung 薟椒仔
Wuqi 薟椒仔
Hsinchu 番薑, 薟薑
Taitung 薟椒仔
Lukang 番薑仔, 薟薑仔
Sanxia 番薑仔
Yilan 番薑仔
Kinmen 辣椒
Magong 番薑, 番仔薑
Penang 番椒
Singapore 薟椒
Pingnan 辣椒
Chaozhou 薟椒
Shantou 薟椒
Haifeng 薟椒
Johor Bahru 薟椒
Wenchang 番椒
Haikou 番椒
Leizhou 秦椒
Puxian Min Putian 辣椒
Xianyou 番茄
Pinghua Nanning 辣椒
Wu Shanghai 辣椒
Suzhou 辣火, 辣椒
Wuxi 辣椒
Hangzhou 辣椒兒, 辣椒
Wenzhou 番薑, 辣薑, 番椒, 辣椒
Chongming 辣椒
Danyang 辣椒
Jinhua 辣虎兒
Ningbo 辣茄, 辣椒
Xiang Changsha 辣椒, 辣椒子
Shuangfeng 辣子
Loudi 辣椒
Quanzhou 海椒

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

 コショウ on Japanese Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
しょう
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Chinese 胡椒

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

胡椒 (hiragana こしょう, katakana コショウ, rōmaji koshō, historical hiragana こせう, historical katakana コセウ)

  1. pepper

See alsoEdit