|barbarian; recklessly; surname||pepper|
|simp. and trad.
“Foreign pepper”. The principal time of import to China was estimated to be during the Tang dynasty, and the source―per the miscellany Miscellaneous Morsels from Youyang of the 9th century CE―was the Magadha Kingdom of India, where it was called 昧履支 () locally; cf. mɑiH liɪX t͡ɕiᴇSanskrit मरिच (marica, “black pepper”).
- Cantonese (Jyutping): wu4 ziu1
- Hakka (Sixian, PFS): fù-chêu
- Min Dong (BUC): hù-ciĕu→siĕu
- Min Nan (POJ): hô͘-chio
- Wu (Wiktionary): hhu jiau (T3)
- Min Dong
- Min Nan
- pepper, especially black pepper (both the plant and the spice)
- Short for 胡椒粉 (hújiāofěn, “pepper powder”).
- (Min Dong) nonsense; bullshit
|Kanji in this term|