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First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 가지다 (Yale: kacita). Possibly borrowed from Manchu ᡤᠠᠵᡳᠮᠪᡳ (gajimbi, to bring).


  • (file)
  • IPA(key)[ka̠d͡ʑida̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? gajida
Revised Romanization (translit.)? gajida
McCune–Reischauer? kajida
Yale Romanization? kacita


가지다 (gajida) (infinitive 가져 or 가지어, sequential 가지니)

  1. to have, to possess
    왜 세계지도를 가지고 있지?
    Wae segyejidoreul gajigo itji?
    Why do you have a map of the world?
    Original English texts from 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
  2. to hold or bear a specific attitude or idea
  3. to bear or conceive a child


Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • 있다 (itda, “to be, to have”)