Korean edit

Etymology edit

Native Korean word, first recorded in the Seokbo sangjeol, 1447, as Middle Korean 아니〮다〮 (ànítá), a contraction of 아니〮 (àní, that which is not) and 이다〮 (ìtá, to be).

Pronunciation edit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [a̠nida̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Revised Romanization?anida
Revised Romanization (translit.)?anida
Yale Romanization?anita

Adjective edit

아니다 (anida) (infinitive 아녀 or 아니어, sequential 아니니)

  1. to be not (something)
    saram-eun jimseung'i anida.
    People are not beasts.

Usage notes edit

  • 아니다 (anida) is the Korean negative copula. Along with its positive, -이다 (-ida), it is often categorized as a Korean adjective, but often placed in their own grammatical category distinct from both verbs and adjectives. Unlike -이다 (-ida), 아니다 (anida) is not appended to the preceding word, but written after an intervening space.
  • 아니다 (anida) and 되다 (doeda) are the only two Korean words that take a subject complement, which is marked with case marker -이 (-i) / -가 (-ga).

Conjugation edit

Antonyms edit

See also edit

  • 있다 (itda, “to exist”)
  • 없다 (eopda, “not to exist”)