아니다

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Native Korean word, first recorded in the Seokbo sangjeol, 1447, as Middle Korean 아니〮다〮 (ànítá), a contraction of 아니〮 (àní, that which is not) and 이다〮 (ìtá, to be).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [a̠nida̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?anida
Revised Romanization (translit.)?anida
McCune–Reischauer?anida
Yale Romanization?anita

AdjectiveEdit

아니다 (anida) (infinitive 아녀 or 아니어, sequential 아니니)

  1. to be not (something)
    사람짐승아니다.
    Saram-eun jimseung'i anida.
    People are not beasts.

Usage notesEdit

  • 아니다 (anida) is the Korean negative copula. Along with its positive, 이다 (ida), it is often categorized as a Korean adjective, but often placed in their own grammatical category distinct from both verbs and adjectives. Unlike 이다 (ida), 아니다 (anida) is not appended to the preceding word, but written after an intervening space.
  • 아니다 (anida) and 되다 (doeda) are the only two Korean words that take a subjective complement, which is marked with case marker (i) / (ga).

ConjugationEdit

AntonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • 있다 (itda, “to exist”)
  • 없다 (eopda, “not to exist”)