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KoreanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Causative form of 죽다 (jukda, “to die”).

Equivalent to (juk) + (i) + (da).

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 주기다 (cwukita).

1447, 석보상절 24:33
왕(王)이 오시면 졷ᄌᆞᄫᆞᆫ 한 사ᄅᆞ미 벌에ᄅᆞᆯ ᄇᆞᆯᄫᅡ 주기리라
wang.i wosimyen cwod.coWon han silomi pel.eylol bol.Wa cukilila

Also attested in the Beonyeok sohak (飜譯小學 / 번역소학), 1517, as Middle Korean 주기다 (cwukita).

1518, 번역소학 10:17
사ᄅᆞᄆᆞᆯ 주기며 사ᄅᆞ며 ᄒᆞᄂᆞᆫ 유셔ᄅᆞᆯ ᄌᆞᄆᆞ ᄡᅳ거ᄂᆞᆯ
salomol cwukimye salomye ho.non yusyelol como.psukenol

Also attested in the Dongguk sinsok samgang haengsildo (東國新續三綱行實圖 / 동국신속삼강행실도), 1617, as Middle Korean 주기다 (cwukita).

1617, 동국신속삼강행실도 4:60
도적이 머리ᄅᆞᆯ 버히고 ᄇᆡᄅᆞᆯ ᄠᆞ고 그 아ᄒᆡ조차 ᄀᆞᆲ 주기니라.
twocek.i merilol pehikwo poylol ptokwo ku ahoycwocha kolp cwukinila.
1617, 동국신속삼강행실도 1:50
칼ᄒᆞᆯ 분로 ᄒᆞ여 딘을 ᄭᅦ텨 두어 도적을 주기고
kal.hol pwon.lwo ho.ye tin.ul skeytye twu.e twocek.ul cwukikwo

Also attested in the Gyeongminpyeon eonhae (警民編諺解 / 경민편언해), 1658, as Middle Korean 주기다 (cwukita).

1658, 경민편언해 개간본 17
죄(罪) 업슨 사ᄅᆞᆷ을 즛텨 주기고
cwoy ep.sun salom.ul cus.tye cwukikwo

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key)[t͡ɕuɡida̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? jugida
Revised Romanization (translit.)? jug-ida
McCune–Reischauer? chugida
Yale Romanization? cwuk.ita

VerbEdit

죽이다 (jugida) (infinitive 죽여 or 죽이어, sequential 죽이니)

  1. to kill; to cause to die
  2. to extinguish

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit