From Latin extinguo, past participle extinctus (“to put out (what is burning), quench, extinguish, deprive of life, destroy, abolish”), from ex (“out”) + stinguere (“to put out, quench, extinguish”).
- (transitive) to put out, as in fire; to end burning; to quench
- (transitive) to destroy or abolish something
- She extinguished all my hopes.
- 1668 December 19, James Dalrymple, “Mr. Alexander Seaton contra Menzies” in The Deciſions of the Lords of Council & Seſſion I (Edinburgh, 1683),
- The Pupil after his Pupillarity, had granted a Diſcharge to one of the Co-tutors, which did extinguiſh the whole Debt of that Co-tutor, and conſequently of all the reſt, they being all correi debendi, lyable by one individual Obligation, which cannot be Diſcharged as to one, and ſtand as to all the reſt.
- (transitive) to obscure or eclipse something
- The rays of the sun were extinguished by the thunder clouds.
- (transitive, psychology) to bring about the extinction of a conditioned reflex
- (transitive, literally) to hunt down (a species) to extinction
to put out, as in fire; to end burning; to quench
to destroy or abolish something
to obscure or eclipse something
(psychology) to bring about the extinction of a conditioned reflex
(literally) to hunt down (a species) to extinction
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