See also: -odik, -ödik, and -ődik

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in 1416. According to the most accepted view, its origin is the same as the -odik/-edik/-ödik suffix group with a lengthened initial vowel.[1]

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ódik

  1. (verb-forming suffix) Used to form reflexive or passive intransitive verbs.
    zár (to close, shut)záródik (to close, shut by itself)

Usage notesEdit

  • Harmonic variants:
    -ódik is added to back vowel words
    -ődik is added to front vowel words

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ -ódik in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)