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HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

-ed (verb-forming suffix) + -ik (reflexive suffix)[1]

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-edik

  1. (verb-forming suffix) Added to a noun, adjective, or verb to form a verb.
    reggel (morning)reggeledik (to dawn)
    sötét (dark)sötétedik (to become dark)
    kever (to mix something)keveredik (to mingle)
  2. (numeral-forming suffix) -th. Added to a cardinal number to form an ordinal number.
    kilenc (nine)kilencedik (ninth)

ConjugationEdit

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative -edik -edikek
accusative -ediket -edikeket
dative -ediknek -edikeknek
instrumental -edikkel -edikekkel
causal-final -edikért -edikekért
translative -edikké -edikekké
terminative -edikig -edikekig
essive-formal -edikként -edikekként
essive-modal
inessive -edikben -edikekben
superessive -ediken -edikeken
adessive -ediknél -edikeknél
illative -edikbe -edikekbe
sublative -edikre -edikekre
allative -edikhez -edikekhez
elative -edikből -edikekből
delative -edikről -edikekről
ablative -ediktől -edikektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
-ediké -edikeké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
-edikéi -edikekéi
Possessive forms of -edik
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. -edikem
2nd person sing. -ediked
3rd person sing. -edike
1st person plural -edikünk
2nd person plural -ediketek
3rd person plural -edikük

Usage notesEdit

  • (verb-forming suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -odik is added to back vowel words
    -edik is added to unrounded front vowel words
    -ödik is added to rounded front vowel words
  • (numeral-forming suffix) It can be used with all cardinal numbers except egy (one) and kettő (two). Harmonic variants:
    -dik is added to words ending in a vowel
    -odik is added to some back vowel words
    -adik is added to other back vowel words
    -edik is added to unrounded front vowel words
    -ödik is added to rounded front vowel words

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN