-έω

Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • -είω(-eíō) Epic (etymology #3: verbs that are derived from adjectives in -ής(-ḗs) or neuter nouns in -ος(-os))

EtymologyEdit

There are five main sources:

  1. Primary verbs (present verbs of the simple thematic class in origin) from roots ending in *-w-, *-y-, *-s- with intervocalic loss of this consonant: e.g. ῥέω(rhéō), δέω(déō), ζέω(zéō)
  2. Denominative verbs with *-eyéti, from *-e-(noun thematic vowel) + *-yéti(denominative suffix), usually from nouns or adjectives in -ος(-os) or -ον(-on): e.g. οἰκέω(oikéō) from οἶκος(oîkos), μετρέω(metréō) from μέτρον(métron)
  3. Denominative verbs with *-esyéti, usually from adjectives in -ής(-ḗs) or neuter nouns in -ος(-os): e.g. τελέω(teléō) from τέλος(télos). These often have an alternative form in -είω(-eíō), for instance τελείω(teleíō).
  4. Stative verbs with *-éh₁yeti(stative suffix): e.g. φιλέω(philéō), ἀλγέω(algéō)
  5. Causative or frequentative verbs from o-grade of a root with *-éyeti(causative suffix): e.g. σοβέω(sobéō), φορέω(phoréō)

PronunciationEdit

 

SuffixEdit

-έω ‎(-éō)

  1. Used to form verbs from nouns, adjectives and other verbs. Often, not always, added to the stems of thematic nouns or adjectives in -ος(-os).

InflectionEdit


Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press
  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part II: Inflection”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, §§ 522.2, 866