-έω

Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

There are five main sources:

  • Denominative verbs with *-eyéti, from *-e- ‎(noun thematic vowel) + *-yéti ‎(denominative suffix), usually from nouns or adjectives in -ος ‎(-os) or -ον ‎(-on): e.g. οἰκέω ‎(oikéō), μετρέω ‎(metréō)
  • Denominative verbs with *-esyéti, usually from adjectives in -ής ‎(-ḗs) or neuter nouns in -ος ‎(-os): e.g. τελέω ‎(teléō)
  • Stative verbs with *-éh₁yeti ‎(stative suffix): e.g. φιλέω ‎(philéō), ἀλγέω ‎(algéō)
  • Causative or frequentative verbs from o-grade of a root with *-éyeti ‎(causative suffix): e.g. σοβέω ‎(sobéō), φορέω ‎(phoréō)
  • Primary verbs (present verbs of the simple thematic class in origin) from roots ending in *-w-, *-y-, *-s- with intervocalic loss of this consonant: e.g. ῥέω ‎(rhéō), δέω ‎(déō), ζέω ‎(zéō)

PronunciationEdit

 

SuffixEdit

-έω ‎(-éō)

  1. Used to form verbs from nouns, adjectives and other verbs. Often, not always, added to the stems of thematic nouns or adjectives in -ος ‎(-os).

InflectionEdit


Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press
  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part II: Inflection”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 522, 866