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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-yéti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

SuffixEdit

*(Ø)-yéti

  1. Creates intransitive, often deponent, imperfective verbs from roots.

InflectionEdit

Imperfective, thematic
3rd singular *(Ø)-yéti
3rd plural *(Ø)-yónti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *(Ø)-yóh₂ *(Ø)-yóm *(Ø)-yṓh₂ *(Ø)-yóyh₁m̥
2nd singular *(Ø)-yési *(Ø)-yés *(Ø)-yé *(Ø)-yḗsi *(Ø)-yóys
3rd singular *(Ø)-yéti *(Ø)-yét *(Ø)-yétu *(Ø)-yḗti *(Ø)-yóyt
1st dual *(Ø)-yówos *(Ø)-yówe *(Ø)-yṓwos *(Ø)-yóywe
2nd dual *(Ø)-yétes *(Ø)-yétom *(Ø)-yétom *(Ø)-yḗtes *(Ø)-yóytom
3rd dual *(Ø)-yétes *(Ø)-yétām *(Ø)-yétām *(Ø)-yḗtes *(Ø)-yóytām
1st plural *(Ø)-yómos *(Ø)-yóme *(Ø)-yṓmos *(Ø)-yóyme
2nd plural *(Ø)-yéte *(Ø)-yéte *(Ø)-yéte *(Ø)-yḗte *(Ø)-yóyte
3rd plural *(Ø)-yónti *(Ø)-yónt *(Ø)-yóntu *(Ø)-yṓnti *(Ø)-yóyh₁n̥t
Participle *(Ø)-yónts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *(Ø)-yóh₂er *(Ø)-yóh₂e *(Ø)-yṓh₂er *(Ø)-yóyh₂e
2nd singular *(Ø)-yéth₂er *(Ø)-yéth₂e *(Ø)-yéso *(Ø)-yḗth₂er *(Ø)-yóyth₂e
3rd singular *(Ø)-yétor *(Ø)-yéto *? *(Ø)-yḗtor *(Ø)-yóyto, *(Ø)-yóyh₁o
1st dual *(Ø)-yówosdʰh₂ *(Ø)-yówedʰh₂ *(Ø)-yṓwosdʰh₂ *(Ø)-yóywedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *(Ø)-yómosdʰh₂ *(Ø)-yómedʰh₂ *(Ø)-yṓmosdʰh₂ *(Ø)-yóymedʰh₂
2nd plural *(Ø)-yédʰh₂we *(Ø)-yédʰh₂we *(Ø)-yédʰh₂we *(Ø)-yḗdʰh₂we *(Ø)-yóydʰh₂we
3rd plural *(Ø)-yóror, *(Ø)-yóntor *(Ø)-yóro, *(Ø)-yónto *? *(Ø)-yṓror, *(Ø)-yṓntor *(Ø)-yóyro, *(Ø)-yóyh₁n̥to
Participle *(Ø)-yómnos

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  • Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press