KalmykEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Written Oirat ᠊ᡋᠠ (-ba) and ᠊ᡋᡄ (-be). Compare Mongolian (-v); Buryat -ба (-ba), -бо (-bo), -бэ (-be); etc.

SuffixEdit

(-v)

  1. Used to form the perfect preterite tense of a verb.

Etymology 2Edit

From Written Oirat ᡋᡅ (bi). Compare Buryat (-b), -би (-bi); Mongolian би (bi).

SuffixEdit

(-v)

  1. first-person singular predicative suffix
    Хальмгв.Xal'mgv.I’m a Kalmyk.
    • (Can we date this quote?) “Ээҗин дун”:
      Киитнл булгиннь уснаснь / Киилгән уһаһад суулав
      Kiitnl bulginn' usnasn' / Kiilgän uhahad suulav
      I sat down after washed clothes / From the water of a cold spring
Related termsEdit
  • би (bi, I, first-person singular subject pronoun)

See alsoEdit


MongolianEdit

SuffixEdit

(-v)

  1. The terminative suffix, describing past events with no clear aspectual meaning

Usage notesEdit

  • Mostly used in questions about recent past