RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • во- (vo-)before certain consonant clusters

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Old East Slavic въ- (vŭ-), from Proto-Slavic *vъ(n)-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én. The /n/ persists in внять (vnjatʹ). See also в (v), Old East Slavic въ (), Proto-Slavic *vъ(n). Compare the similar development in с- (s-) from Proto-Slavic *sъ(n)-.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [v] (before vowels and voiced consonants)
  • IPA(key): [f] (before voiceless consonants)

PrefixEdit

в- (v-)

  1. added to verbs, forms verbs with the approximate meaning 'in' or 'into'
    во- (vo-) + ‎-йти́ (-jtí, to go) → ‎войти́ (vojtí, to go in, to enter)
  2. added with -ся (-sja) to verbs, forms verbs with the approximate meaning of thoroughness or completeness of action
    в- (v-) + ‎чита́ть (čitátʹ, to read) + ‎-ся (-sja) → ‎вчита́ться (včitátʹsja, to read carefully, delving into the content to better understand)
  3. added to adjectives, forms adverbs with the approximate meaning 'in the manner of [the adjective]'
    в- (v-) + ‎ручно́й (ručnój, (relational) hand; manual) → ‎вручну́ю (vručnúju, manually (by hand))
  4. added to nouns, forms adverbs with the approximate meaning 'in the direction or location of [the noun]'
    в- (v-) + ‎нутро́ (nutró, the inside) → ‎внутри́ (vnutrí, inside)
    в- (v-) + ‎низ (niz, the bottom) → ‎вниз (vniz, downwards)
  5. added to numerals, forms adverbs based on the numeral
    в- (v-) + ‎дво́е (dvóje, two (in a group together)) → ‎вдво́е (vdvóje, twice, by half)
    в- (v-) + ‎дво́е (dvóje, two (in a group together)) → ‎вдвоём (vdvojóm, as a two)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit