See also: ша, ща, and щя

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ша (-šaf anim or m anim

  1. (feminine) Forms female equivalents of nouns denoting males, or nouns denoting the wife of the male equivalent.
    генера́л (generál, general) + ‎-ша (-ša) → ‎генера́льша (generálʹša, generaless, female general)
    секрета́рь (sekretárʹ, secretary) + ‎-ша (-ša) → ‎секрета́рша (sekretárša, female secretary)
    Кли́нтон (Klínton, [Bill] Clinton) + ‎-ша (-ša) → ‎Кли́нтонша (Klíntonša, [Hillary] Clinton) (colloquial)
  2. (masculine or feminine) Used to make diminutive forms of words, including personal names. When added to personal names, the name is normally truncated, typically down to a single syllable consisting of a consonant + vowel.
    ле́во (lévo, left) + ‎-ша́ (-šá) → ‎левша́ (levšá, lefty)
    Алекса́(ндр) (Aleksá(ndr), Alexander) + ‎-ша (-ša) → ‎Алекса́ша (Aleksáša, Sasha) → ‎Са́ша (Sáša)
    Але́(ксей) (Alé(ksej), Alexey) + ‎-ша (-ša) → ‎Алёша (Aljóša, Lyosha)
    Да́(рья) (Dá(rʹja), Daria) + ‎-ша (-ša) → ‎Да́ша (Dáša, Dasha)
    Ма(ри́я) (Ma(ríja), Maria) + ‎-ша (-ša) → ‎Ма́ша (Máša, Masha)
    Ми(хаи́л) (Mi(xaíl), Mikhail) + ‎-ша (-ša) → ‎Ми́ша (Míša, Misha)
    Ната́(лья) (Natá(lʹja), Natalia) + ‎-ша (-ša) → ‎Ната́ша (Natáša, Natasha)
    Па́(вел) (Pá(vel), Pavel) + ‎-ша (-ša) → ‎Па́ша (Páša, Pasha)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Esperanto: -ĉjo

See alsoEdit