See also: ся, сѧ, са, and -са

Belarusian edit

Etymology edit

From Old Belarusian сѧ (sja), from Old East Slavic сѧ (), from Proto-Slavic *sę, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *sen, from Proto-Indo-European *swé.

Suffix edit

-ся (-sja)

  1. Reflexive suffix appended to finite verbs and infinitives to make a reflexive, reciprocal, intransitive or passive verb.

Usage notes edit

  • The suffix is typically assimilated with the ending -ць (infinitive or personal endings), e.g. смяя́цца (smjajácca, to laugh), смяе́цца (smjajécca, (he, she, it) laughs), смяю́цца (smjajúcca, (they) laughs)

Derived terms edit

Russian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • -сь (-sʹ) (after vowels)

Etymology edit

From Old East Slavic сѧ (), from Proto-Slavic *sę, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *sen, from Proto-Indo-European *swé. It is considered the shortened form of себя́ (sebjá). Compare Belarusian and Ukrainian -ся (-sja), or Italian -si.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [sʲə]
  • IPA(key): [sə] (after т or ть, see usage notes)
  • (file)

Suffix edit

-ся (-sja)

  1. Reflexive suffix appended to finite verbs and infinitives to make a reflexive, reciprocal, intransitive or passive verb.

Usage notes edit

  • After a vowel, -ся is usually contracted to -сь, except when attached to an adjectival participle:
    • мы́ться (mýtʹsja, to wash oneself), мо́ется (mójetsja, [he] washes himself)
    • мо́юсь (mójusʹ, [I] wash myself)
    • мы́вшаяся (mývšajasja, having been washing herself).
  • When affixed to an infinitive -ть (-tʹ) or the 3rd-person singular or plural (-t), it merges with the /tʲ/ or /t/ into the affricate /ts/ and palatalization is lost: [tsə].

Derived terms edit

Ukrainian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old East Slavic сѧ (), from Proto-Slavic *sę, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *sen, from Proto-Indo-European *swé.

Suffix edit

-ся (-sja)

  1. Reflexive suffix appended to finite verbs and infinitives to make a reflexive, reciprocal, intransitive or passive verb.

Usage notes edit

-ся can be optionally contracted to -сь when used after a vowel.

Derived terms edit