See also: ann, Ann, ANN, ann., Ann., Ánn, and änn


Alternative formsEdit

  • -eann (slender form)
  • -aíonn (second-conjugation form (broad))
  • -íonn (second-conjugation form (slender))
  • -nn (first conjugation form (contracted))


From Middle Irish -ann, -and, -enn, -end, where it was a third-person singular present conjunct ending. It started as part of the root in prototonic verb forms like ·éirenn (pays), ·fothlann (removes), ·tesband (is lacking), ·fuband (attacks), ·dérband (prevents) and was later reinterpreted as an ending.[1]. In these verbs, the -n(n) was originally from Proto-Celtic *-nati, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *-né-, the nasal present infix.




  1. ending of the present indicative analytic verb form

Usage notesEdit

  • This form is attached to first-conjugation verbs ending in a broad consonant;
  • Used with the second person singular and plural, and third person singular and plural, followed by the pronouns , , , sibh, and siad:
    póg + ‎-ann → ‎pógann (kiss/kisses)
    vótáil + ‎-ann → ‎vótálann (vote/votes)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ McCone, Kim (1997) The Early Irish Verb (Maynooth Monographs 1), 2nd edition, Maynooth: An Sagart, →ISBN, pages 205–208