See also: bb, .bb, BB, BB+, BB−, B&B, B & B, Bb., B♭, and ꓐꓹ ꓐꓽ

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

Of Proto-Finno-Ugric origin. Cognates include Finnish -mpi.[1]

Suffix edit


  1. (comparative suffix) -er, more (added to adjectives and certain adverbs to form the comparative)
    apró (tiny) + ‎-bb → ‎apróbb (tinier)
    messze (far) + ‎-bb → ‎messzebb (farther)

Usage notes edit

  • (comparative suffix) Variants:
    -b is added to some words ending in a consonant; an archaic variant
    idős (elderly) + ‎-b → ‎idősb (senior) (the modern comparative is idősebb)
    -bb is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    drága (expensive) + ‎-bb → ‎drágább (more expensive)
    fekete (black) + ‎-bb → ‎feketébb (blacker)
    -abb is added to most back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    fiatal (young) + ‎-abb → ‎fiatalabb (younger)
    -obb is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    nagy (big) + ‎-obb → ‎nagyobb (bigger)
    -ebb is added to front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    öreg (old) + ‎-ebb → ‎öregebb (older)
Aside from the literal, relative sense, the comparative in Hungarian can also have an absolute sense, e.g. nagyobb is not necessarily “larger” but also “somewhat large”, “fairly large”, “largish”, “a little on the large side” (but not truly large). This sense is already lexicalized in the case of több, which doesn’t only mean “more” but also “several, multiple” (though not “many”).

Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ -bb in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, page 73, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)