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  1. (comparative suffix, somewhat archaic) -er, more
    idős (old)idősb (older)

Usage notesEdit

  • (comparative suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -b is added to some words ending in a consonant, a somewhat archaic variant
    idős (old)idősb (older) (the modern comparative is idősebb)
    -bb is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    drága (expensive)drágább (more expensive)
    fekete (black)feketébb (blacker)
    -abb is added to most back vowel words ending in a consonant
    fiatal (young)fiatalabb (younger)
    -obb is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    nagy (big)nagyobb (bigger)
    -ebb is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    öreg (old)öregebb (older)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-pi.



  1. Suffix of the third-person singular.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-pa.



  1. (no longer productive) -ing; forms a secondary present active participle of a few verbs.
Inflection of -b
nominative sing. -b
genitive sing. -ban
partitive sing. -bad
partitive plur. -bid
singular plural
nominative -b -bad
accusative -ban -bad
genitive -ban -biden
partitive -bad -bid
essive-instructive -ban -bin
translative -baks -bikš
inessive -bas -biš
elative -baspäi -bišpäi
illative ? -bihe
adessive -bal -bil
ablative -balpäi -bilpäi
allative -bale -bile
abessive -bata -bita
comitative -banke -bidenke
prolative -badme -bidme
approximative I -banno -bidenno
approximative II -bannoks -bidennoks
egressive -bannopäi -bidennopäi
terminative I ? -bihesai
terminative II -balesai -bilesai
terminative III -bassai
additive I ? -bihepäi
additive II -balepäi -bilepäi
Derived termsEdit