1. (comparative suffix, somewhat archaic) -er, more
    idős ‎(old) → idősb ‎(older)

Usage notesEdit

  • (comparative suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -b is added to some words ending in a consonant, a somewhat archaic variant
    idős ‎(old) → idősb ‎(older) (the modern comparative is idősebb)
    -bb is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    drága ‎(expensive) → drágább ‎(more expensive)
    fekete ‎(black) → feketébb ‎(blacker)
    -abb is added to most back vowel words ending in a consonant
    fiatal ‎(young) → fiatalabb ‎(younger)
    -obb is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    nagy ‎(big) → nagyobb ‎(bigger)
    -ebb is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    öreg ‎(old) → öregebb ‎(older)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-pi.



  1. Suffix of the third-person singular.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-pa.



  1. (no longer productive) -ing; forms a secondary present active participle of a few verbs.
Inflection of -b
nominative sing. -b
genitive sing. -ban
partitive sing. -bad
partitive plur. -bid
singular plural
nominative -b -bad
accusative -ban -bad
genitive -ban -biden
partitive -bad -bid
essive-instructive -ban -bin
translative -baks -bikš
inessive -bas -biš
elative -baspäi -bišpäi
illative  ? -bihe
adessive -bal -bil
ablative -balpäi -bilpäi
allative -bale -bile
abessive -bata -bita
comitative -banke -bidenke
prolative -badme -bidme
approximative I -banno -bidenno
approximative II -bannoks -bidennoks
egressive -bannopäi -bidennopäi
terminative I  ? -bihesai
terminative II -balesai -bilesai
terminative III -bassai
additive I  ? -bihepäi
additive II -balepäi -bilepäi
Derived termsEdit