CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ьcь.

SuffixEdit

-ec m

  1. Appended to nouns to form an agent noun; used only on composite nouns expressing fields of knowledge.
    dějepis + ‎-ec → ‎dějepisec (historian)
  2. Appended to a country name root to form a demonym; used generally on country names which have roots ending with -j, -l, -m, -n, -r, -v; the root is formed by dropping the -ie or -sko suffix.
    Portugalsko + ‎-ec → ‎Portugalec (Portuguese)
  3. Appended to nouns to derive a specialized substantive, most often in terminology.
    vzor + ‎-ec → ‎vzorec (formula)
  4. Appended to adjective to form a noun describing somebody or something having the specific quality.
    zbabělý + ‎-ec → ‎zbabělec (coward)
  5. Appended to a verb to form an agent noun.
    plavat + ‎-ec → ‎plavec (swimmer)
  6. (dated, dialectal) Appended to a noun to form a diminutive.
    chlap + ‎-ec → ‎chlapec

DeclensionEdit

inanimate declension:

animate declension:

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • -ec in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

PolishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

-iec.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ьcь.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ec m

  1. A masculine suffix
    strzelić + ‎-ec → ‎strzelec

DeclensionEdit

Masculine personal:

Masculine animate:

Masculine inanimate:

Masculine surnames:

Derived termsEdit


SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ьcь.

SuffixEdit

-ec m

  1. Appended to nouns to form an agent noun; used only on composite nouns expressing fields of knowledge.
    dejepisec (historian), from dejepis (history) +‎ -ec
  2. Appended to a country name root to form a demonym; used generally on country names which have roots ending with -j, -l, -m, -n, -r, -v; the root is formed by dropping the -ia or -sko suffix.
    Portugalec (a man from Portugal), from Portugalsko (Portugal) +‎ -ec
  3. Appended to nouns to derive a specialized substantive, most often in terminology.
    vzorec (formula), from vzor (model) +‎ -ec
  4. Appended to adjective to form a noun describing somebody or something having the specific quality.
    zbabelec (coward), from zbabelý (faint-hearted) +‎ -ec
  5. Appended to a verb to form an agent noun.
    plavec (swimmer), from plávať (to swim) +‎ -ec

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit