German edit

Etymology edit

Result of an etymologically wrong segmentation (rebracketing) of two suffixes in Upper German dialects of Middle High German: -ec (modern -ig) and -heit: -ec-heit was interpreted as -e-keit.[1] Later this phenomenon spread to other suffixes, and even to Central German dialects, in which the equivalents of -ig had never been pronounced with a final [k]-sound. (Compare the modern standard pronunciation of -ig [-ɪç].) However, in some northern dialects of Central German, like Ripuarian, -keit is still absent or has only recently been introduced from standard German.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /kaɪ̯t/, [kaɪ̯t]
  • (file)

Suffix edit

-keit f (genitive -keit, plural -keiten)

  1. Alternative form of -heit
    wirksam (effective) + ‎-keit → ‎Wirksamkeit (effectiveness)

Usage notes edit

  • See -heit for notes on the use of the two variants.

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Friedrich Kluge (1989), “-heit”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological Dictionary of the German Language] (in German), 22nd edition, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN