See also: Der, dér, dêr, dër, děr, -der, and der-

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Imitative.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /dɜː/
  • (file)

InterjectionEdit

der

  1. (Australia) Disdainful indication that something is obvious.
  2. (Australia) Indication of stupidity.
    • 1979, Gabrielle Carey and Kathy Lette, Puberty Blues, page 46:
      `Sprung!' cried Jeff Basin, the local dubbo. 'Oh, der,' moaned Boardie sarcastically.

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Nonstandard spelling of there, reflecting any of a variety of accents with th-stopping.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

der (not comparable)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

InterjectionEdit

der

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

NounEdit

der (uncountable)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

PronounEdit

der

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

der

  1. second-person singular imperative of drát

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse þar, from Proto-Germanic *þar (there), cognate with English there, German da.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈdɛːˀr/, [ˈd̥ɛˀɐ̯], [ˈd̥eˀɐ̯], (as a pronoun) IPA(key): /dɛr/, [d̥ɑ]

AdverbEdit

der

  1. there (in or at that place)

ReferencesEdit

PronounEdit

der

  1. (dummy pronoun) there (expletive word put in the subject field when the subject is postponed to the predicate field, typically with indefinite subjects or subjectless passive verbs)
    der sad to katte på et bord
    two cats were sitting on a table
    der blev diskuteret vildt
    people were debating vehemently
  2. (relative) who, which, that (introduces relative clauses, only when the pronoun is the subject of the sentence)
    alle kan være enige om, at det menneske, der kommer hjem fra sin dannelsesrejse, er et mere fuldbragt menneske end det, der tog af sted.
    everybody can agree that the person that returns from an educational journey is a more complete person than the one that left
    Synonyms: hvilken, som
  3. added to interrogative pronouns functioning as the subject of interrogative dependent clauses or exclamative independent clauses
    jeg ved godt, hvem der vinder den flaske
    I know who is going to win that bottle
    hvem der bare havde en hund!
    if only I had a dog

ReferencesEdit

ParticleEdit

der

  1. (deictic particle) that (put after a definite noun phrase)
    hun købte bordet der for ingen penge
    she bought that table for no money

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (stressed) IPA(key): /dɛr/
  • (unstressed) IPA(key): /dər/
  • Hyphenation: der

Etymology 1Edit

Unstressed form of daar (there).

AdverbEdit

der

  1. there
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

ArticleEdit

der

  1. (dated) genitive singular feminine of de; of the.
    geschiedenis der Nederlandsche taalhistory of the Dutch language
  2. (dated) genitive plural of de; of the.
    het koninkrijk der Nederlandenthe kingdom of the Netherlands
  3. (dated) dative singular feminine of de.
Usage notesEdit
  • Only the nominative forms are common in modern usage. Accusative and dative forms are archaic and limited to fixed expressions. Genitive forms, while still productive and regiolectal, are not part of the standardized varieties and mainly reserved for poetic and literary language. They are also found as part of surnames.
  • * The current pronunciation is a spelling pronunciation. Before the word became archaic, it was pronounced with a schwa, /dər/.
InflectionEdit
Dutch definite article
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative de de het de
Genitive des der des der
Dative den der den den
Accusative den de het de


AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Clipping of dernier

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

der m or f (plural ders)

  1. last
    la der des ders - the war that ends all wars (referring to the First World War; literally means the last of the lasts or the very last one)

GalicianEdit

VerbEdit

der

  1. first-person singular future subjunctive of dar
  2. third-person singular future subjunctive of dar

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German der, from Old High German der, ther, replacing the original masculine and feminine nominative forms from Proto-Germanic *sa, by analogy with the adjective inflection. Compare also Old Dutch thie and Old English where the same process occurred.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /deːr/
  • IPA(key): [deːɐ̯] (stressed)
  • IPA(key): [dɛɐ̯], [dɐ] (unstressed)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eːɐ̯
  • In colloquial speech in Germany, the /d/ can assimilate to a preceding coronal when the word is unstressed.

ArticleEdit

der (definite)

  1. the

DeclensionEdit

German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die das die
Genitive des der des der
Dative dem der dem den
Accusative den die das die
Old Declension
German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die das
(older also: daß)
die
Genitive des
(older also: deß)
der des
(older also: deß)
deren or derer, also der
Dative dem der dem denen, also den
Accusative den die das
(older also: daß)
die

This older declension is not used anymore.
For examples see Citations:der.

Derived termsEdit

ArticleEdit

der

  1. inflection of der:
    1. genitive/dative feminine singular
    2. genitive plural

PronounEdit

der m (relative)

  1. who; that; which
    Ich kenne einen Mann, der das kann.I know a man who can do that.

Usage notesEdit

In a subordinate clause, indicates a person or thing referenced in the main clause. Used with masculine singular referents.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das die
genitive dessen deren
younger also: derer
dessen derer
deren
dative dem der dem denen
accusative den die das die
  • By modern grammar works it is said that derer and deren can both be used without difference.
  • Modern grammar books mention the colloquial genitive plural form der.
Old Declension
Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das
older also: daß
die
genitive dessen
older also: deß, des
deren
older also: der, dero
dessen
older also: deß, des
derer
also: deren
older also: dero
dative dem
older also: deme
der dem
older also: deme
denen
accusative den die das
older also: daß
die

PronounEdit

der f (relative)

  1. dative feminine singular of der: (to) whom, which, that

PronounEdit

der (demonstrative)

  1. (attributive, stressed) that
    Der Mann war es!It was that man!
  2. (indicative) him, he
    Der hat es getan!It was him who did it!
  3. (differential) the one, him
    Der mit dem MantelThe one with the coat

DeclensionEdit

Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das die
genitive dessen deren
younger also: derer
dessen derer
deren
dative dem der dem denen
accusative den die das die
  • By modern grammar works it is said that derer is used cataphoric, while deren is used anaphoric.
  • Modern grammar books mention the colloquial genitive plural form der.
Old Declension
Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das
older also: daß
die
genitive dessen
older also: deß, des
deren
older also: der, dero
dessen
older also: deß, des
derer
also: deren
older also: dero
dative dem
older also: deme
der dem
older also: deme
denen
accusative den die das
older also: daß
die

PronounEdit

der f (demonstrative)

  1. dative feminine singular of der: (to) that, (to) her

HunsrikEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

der

  1. unstressed dative of du.

InflectionEdit

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

der

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of

LimburgishEdit

AdverbEdit

der

  1. there

SynonymsEdit


LuxembourgishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

DeterminerEdit

der f

  1. unstressed form of där
DeclensionEdit
Luxembourgish definite articles
masculine feminine neuter plural
nom./acc. deen (den) déi (d') dat (d') déi (d')
dative deem (dem) där (der) deem (dem) deen (den)

Etymology 2Edit

PronounEdit

der

  1. unstressed form of dir
DeclensionEdit

Middle DutchEdit

ArticleEdit

der

  1. inflection of die:
    1. feminine genitive/dative singular
    2. genitive plural

AdverbEdit

der

  1. unstressed form of dāer

MòchenoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German der, from Old High German der, ther, from Proto-Germanic *þa, an alteration of *sa. Cognate with German der, English the.

ArticleEdit

der (feminine de, neuter s, plural de)

  1. the, nominative singular masculine definite article

ReferencesEdit


Northern KurdishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *dʰwer-. Compare English door, Persian در(dar), Ossetian дуар (dwar), Avestan 𐬛𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬨(duuarəm), Russian дверь (dverʹ).

AdverbEdit

der

  1. out, outside, outdoors

NounEdit

der f

  1. door

SynonymsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse þar.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

der

  1. there

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse þar. Akin to English there.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

der

  1. there

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Pennsylvania GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare German der.

ArticleEdit

der m (definite)

  1. the

DeclensionEdit

Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die es die
Accusative der die es die
Dative dem der em de

PronounEdit

der

  1. to you

DeclensionEdit


PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

der

  1. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of dar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of dar

SwedishEdit

AdverbEdit

der

  1. Obsolete spelling of där

AnagramsEdit


TurkishEdit

VerbEdit

der

  1. third-person singular present simple indicative positive degree of demek

West FrisianEdit

AdverbEdit

der

  1. there (unspecific to distance)
    Der binne trije Fryske talen
    There are three Frisian languages.

Further readingEdit

  • der (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

WestrobothnianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse þær, from Proto-Germanic *þar. Akin to English there.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

der

  1. right there
  2. there, at the end of a journey
AntonymsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Unstressed doublet of the previous word.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /dɛr(ː)/, /der(ː)/

PronounEdit

der

  1. where
    Han no int der ’n jär
    He suffers no shortage where he is staying.

AdverbEdit

der

  1. farther
    derr överåm
    farther up

PrepositionEdit

der

  1. (with i) in (that place)
  2. (with åm) in the vicinity of

WolofEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

der (definite form der wi)

  1. skin