Open main menu
See also: Der, dér, dêr, dër, -der, and der-

Contents

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

der

  1. (Australia) Disdainful indication that something is obvious.
  2. (Australia) Indication of stupidity.
    • 1979, Gabrielle Carey and Kathy Lette, Puberty Blues, page 46:
      `Sprung!' cried Jeff Basin, the local dubbo. 'Oh, der,' moaned Boardie sarcastically.

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Nonstandard spelling of there, reflecting any of a variety of accents with th-stopping.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

der (not comparable)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

InterjectionEdit

der

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

NounEdit

der (uncountable)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

PronounEdit

der

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

AdverbEdit

der

  1. there (in or at that place)

PronounEdit

der

  1. (relative) who, whom, which, that

Usage notesEdit

  • Only used when the relative pronoun is subject
  • Som can be used for all positions (including subject)

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

stressed

unstressed

Etymology 1Edit

Unstressed form of daar (there).

AdverbEdit

der

  1. there
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

ArticleEdit

der

  1. (dated) genitive singular feminine of de; of the.
    geschiedenis der Nederlandsche taalhistory of the Dutch language
  2. (dated) genitive plural of de; of the.
    het koninkrijk der Nederlandenthe kingdom of the Netherlands
  3. (dated) dative singular feminine of de.
Usage notesEdit
  • Only the nominative forms are common in modern usage. Accusative and dative forms are archaic and limited to fixed expressions. Genitive forms, while still productive and regiolectal, are not part of the standardized varieties and mainly reserved for poetic and literary language. They are also found as part of surnames.
  • * The current pronunciation is a spelling pronunciation. Before the word became archaic, it was pronounced with a schwa, /dər/.
InflectionEdit
Dutch definite article
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative de de het de
Genitive des der des der
Dative den der den den
Accusative den de het de


AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Apocope of dernier

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

der m, f (plural ders)

  1. last
    la der des ders - the war that ends all wars (referring to the First World War; literally means the last of the lasts or the very last one)

GalicianEdit

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German der, from Old High German der, ther, replacing the original masculine and feminine nominative forms from Proto-Germanic *sa, by analogy with the adjective inflection. Compare also Old Dutch thie and Old English þē where the same process occurred.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /deːr/
  • IPA(key): [deːɐ̯] (stressed)
  • IPA(key): [dɛɐ̯], [dɐ] (unstressed)
  • IPA(key): [də] (unstressed, some dialects, feminine article only)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eːɐ̯
  • In colloquial speech in Germany, the /d/ can assimilate to a preceding coronal when the word is unstressed.

ArticleEdit

der (definite)

  1. the; definite article for several declensions:
    1. nominative singular masculine
    2. genitive singular feminine
    3. dative singular feminine
    4. genitive plural (all genders)

DeclensionEdit

German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die das die
Genitive des der des der
Dative dem der dem den
Accusative den die das die
Old Declension
German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die das
(older also: daß)
die
Genitive des
(older also: deß)
der des
(older also: deß)
deren or derer, also der
Dative dem der dem denen, also den
Accusative den die das
(older also: daß)
die

This older declension is not used anymore.
For examples see Citations:der.

Derived termsEdit

PronounEdit

der m (relative)

  1. who; that; which
    Ich kenne einen Mann, der das kann.I know a man who can do that.

Usage notesEdit

In a subordinate clause, indicates a person or thing referenced in the main clause. Used with masculine singular referents.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das die
genitive dessen deren
younger also: derer
dessen derer
deren
dative dem der dem denen
accusative den die das die
  • By modern grammar works it is said that derer and deren can both be used without difference.
  • Modern grammar books mention the colloquial genitive plural form der.
Old Declension
Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das
older also: daß
die
genitive dessen
older also: deß, des
deren
older also: der, dero
dessen
older also: deß, des
derer
also: deren
older also: dero
dative dem
older also: deme
der dem
older also: deme
denen
accusative den die das
older also: daß
die

PronounEdit

der (demonstrative)

  1. (attributive, stressed) that
    Der Mann war es!It was that man!
  2. (indicative) him, he
    Der hat es getan!It was him who did it!
  3. (differential) the one, him
    Der mit dem MantelThe one with the coat

DeclensionEdit

Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das die
genitive dessen deren
younger also: derer
dessen derer
deren
dative dem der dem denen
accusative den die das die
  • By modern grammar works it is said that derer is used cataphoric, while deren is used anaphoric.
  • Modern grammar books mention the colloquial genitive plural form der.
Old Declension
Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das
older also: daß
die
genitive dessen
older also: deß, des
deren
older also: der, dero
dessen
older also: deß, des
derer
also: deren
older also: dero
dative dem
older also: deme
der dem
older also: deme
denen
accusative den die das
older also: daß
die

HunsrikEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

der

  1. unstressed dative of du.

InflectionEdit

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

der

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of

LimburgishEdit

AdverbEdit

der

  1. there

SynonymsEdit


LuxembourgishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

DeterminerEdit

der f

  1. unstressed form of där
DeclensionEdit
Luxembourgish definite articles
masculine feminine neuter plural
nom./acc. deen (den) déi (d') dat (d') déi (d')
dative deem (dem) där (der) deem (dem) deen (den)

Etymology 2Edit

PronounEdit

der

  1. unstressed form of dir
DeclensionEdit

Middle DutchEdit

ArticleEdit

der

  1. inflection of die:
    1. feminine genitive and dative singular
    2. genitive plural

AdverbEdit

der

  1. unstressed form of dāer

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse þar.

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

AdverbEdit

der

  1. there

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse þar. Akin to English there.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

der

  1. there

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Pennsylvania GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare German der.

ArticleEdit

der m (definite)

  1. the

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

der

  1. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of dar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of dar

SwedishEdit

AdverbEdit

der

  1. Obsolete spelling of där

TurkishEdit

VerbEdit

der

  1. third-person singular present simple indicative positive of demek

West FrisianEdit

PronounEdit

der

  1. there (used with wêze and some other verbs)
    • Der binne trije Fryske talen -- There are three Frisian languages.

WestrobothnianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse þær, from Proto-Germanic *þar. Akin to English there.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

der

  1. right there
  2. there, at the end of a journey
AntonymsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Unstressed doublet of the previous word.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /dɛr(ː)/, /der(ː)/

PronounEdit

der

  1. where
    Han no int der ’n jär
    He suffers no shortage where he is staying.

AdverbEdit

der

  1. farther
    derr överåm
    farther up

PrepositionEdit

der

  1. (with i) in (that place)
  2. (with åm) in the vicinity of

WolofEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

der (definite form der wi)

  1. skin