GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German -sam, from samo (the same) and also sama (similary). From Proto-Germanic *samaz, from Proto-Indo-European *somHós. Cognate with English -some and Dutch -zaam.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /zaːm/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /zam/ (regional; including western Germany)
  • (file)

SuffixEdit

-sam

  1. Used to form adjectives from verbs, nouns, and other adjectives; expressing similarity or the possession of a quality.
    Tugend (virtue) + ‎-sam → ‎tugendsam (of virtue, virtuous)
    aufmerken (to observe) + ‎-sam → ‎aufmerksam (observant, attentive)
    lang (long, lengthy) + ‎-sam → ‎langsam (slow)
  2. Used to form adjectives from verbs; expressing the ability to undergo some action.
    biegen (to bend) + ‎-sam → ‎biegsam (flexible, bendable)

Usage notesEdit

  • The suffix is now of very limited productivity at most.

SynonymsEdit

  • (ability to undergo some action): -bar; -abel

Derived termsEdit


LatinEdit

SuffixEdit

-sam

  1. accusative feminine singular of -sus

Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse -samr

SuffixEdit

-sam

  1. used to form adjectives

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit


SwedishEdit

SuffixEdit

-sam

  1. -some; creating adjectives, mostly out of nouns

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit