Cossack

See also: cossack

EnglishEdit

 
Cossacks (military).

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Circa 1600, from Middle French cosaque, from Polish Kozak[1], from Ukrainian коза́к (kozák) (cf. Russian каза́к (kazák) or коза́к (kozák) (older spelling)), from Kazakh казак (kazak), from a Turkic word quzzāq meaning “free man, wanderer," from Old Turkic *qazǧaq(*qazǧaq, profiteer), from qazǧanmaq(qazǧanmaq, to acquire), from qazmaq(qazmaq, to dig out), from Proto-Turkic *kaŕ-.[2] Cognate with Kazakh.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Cossack (plural Cossacks)

  1. A member or descendant of an originally (semi-)nomadic population of Eastern Europe and the adjacent parts of Asia, formed in part of runaways from the neighbouring countries, that eventually settled in parts of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Russian tsarist Empire (where they constituted a legendary military caste), particularly in areas now comprising southern Russia and Ukraine.
  2. A member of a military unit (typically cavalry, originally recruited exclusively from the above)
  3. (obsolete) A Ukrainian.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ cosaque” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
  2. ^ Cossack”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN.

AnagramsEdit