See also: cossack


Cossacks (military).

Alternative formsEdit


Circa 1600, from Middle French cosaque, from Polish Kozak[1], from Ukrainian коза́к (kozák) (cf. Russian каза́к (kazák) or коза́к (kozák) (older spelling)), from Kazakh казак (kazak), from a Turkic word quzzāq meaning “free man, wanderer," from Old Turkic *qazǧaq(*qazǧaq, profiteer), from qazǧanmaq(qazǧanmaq, to acquire), from qazmaq(qazmaq, to dig out), from Proto-Turkic *kaŕ-.[2] Cognate with Kazakh.



English Wikipedia has an article on:

Cossack (plural Cossacks)

  1. A member or descendant of an originally (semi-)nomadic population of Eastern Europe and the adjacent parts of Asia, formed in part of runaways from the neighbouring countries, that eventually settled in parts of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Russian tsarist Empire (where they constituted a legendary military caste), particularly in areas now comprising southern Russia and Ukraine.
  2. A member of a military unit (typically cavalry, originally recruited exclusively from the above)
  3. (obsolete) A Ukrainian.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


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  1. ^ cosaque” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
  2. ^ Cossack”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN.