See also: dungan
From Turkic [Term?], probably via Russian, originally referring to any Hui Chinese. It is an exonym. Chinese scholar Lin Tao (林涛) lists possible etymologies in the first chapter of Donggan yü lungao (东干语论稿, 2007):
- From Chinese 東甘 (dōng Gān, literally “Eastern Gan[su]”).
- From Chinese 敦煌 (Dūnhuáng, “Dunhuang”, in Gansu).
- From Chinese 潼關 (Tóngguān, “Tong Pass”, in Gansu), early site of Bai Yanhu's activity.
- From Turkic [script needed] (turupqaighan, literally “staying behind”).
- From Chinese 東岸 (dōng'àn, literally “eastern coast; or perhaps, eastern side”), in reference to the Fen River.
Dungan pl (plural only)
- A Muslim people originally from north-west China who currently reside in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Russia.