U+7518, 甘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7518

[U+7517]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7519]
U+2F62, ⽢
KANGXI RADICAL SWEET

[U+2F61]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F63]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 99, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 廿一 (TM), four-corner 44770, composition廿)

  1. Kangxi radical #99, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 753, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21643
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1161, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2413, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7518

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠙿
𤮺
𠙸
𭺪
𭺫

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
semantic (mouth) + semantic something in the mouth, sweet

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-klum (sweet) (Schuessler, 2007; STEDT). Cognate with Mizo thlum, Lepcha [script needed] (khlyam).

Possibly related to (OC *l'iːm, “sweet”) and (OC *kaːm, “mandarin orange”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kam - literary;
  • kaⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (143)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑm/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑm/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kam/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑm/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gān
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gam1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kam ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˁ[a]m/
    English sweet

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3652
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kaːm/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. sweet
        ―  gāntián  ―  sweet
        ―  gānzhe  ―  sugar cane
    2. pleasant; satisfactory
    3. willingly; readily
        ―  gānxīn  ―  to be willing to
      /   ―  gānyuàn  ―  willingly
    4. a surname
      / [Hokkien]  ―  Kam Ûi-lîm [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  William Campbell / Kam Ûi-lîm (a Scottish Presbyterian missionary to Taiwan)
    5. Short for 甘肅甘肃 (Gānsù, “Gansu”).
    SynonymsEdit
    • (sweet):
    AntonymsEdit
    • (sweet): ()

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. sweet

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC kɑm).

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (かん) (kan

    1. delicious
    2. sweet-tasting; sweet
    3. pleasant; pleased; content

    Derived termsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gam) (hangeul , revised gam, McCune–Reischauer kam, Yale kam)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: cam

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.