Hercules

See also: hercules, Hércules, and Hèrcules

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Herculēs, from Ancient Greek Ἡρακλῆς (Hēraklês), apparently from Ἥρα (Hḗra, Hera) + κλέος (kléos, glory).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈhɜːkjəliːz/, /ˈhɜːkjʊliːz/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈhɝːkjəliːz/, /ˈhɝːkjʊliːz/
  • (file)

Proper nounEdit

Hercules

  1. (Roman mythology) The Roman name for the Greek divine hero Heracles, who was the son of Jupiter and Alcmene, a celebrated hero who possessed exceptional strength. Most famous for his 12 labours performed to redeem himself after killing his family.
    Coordinate terms: Heracles, Melqart
  2. (astronomy) A summer constellation of the northern sky, said to resemble the mythical hero. It lies between the constellations Lyra and Corona Borealis.
  3. (astronomy) A crater in the first quadrant on the moon.
  4. A city in Contra Costa County, California, United States.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Hercules m

  1. (astronomy) Hercules

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Via the Etruscan 𐌇𐌄𐌓𐌂𐌋𐌄 (hercle), from the Ancient Greek Ἡρακλῆς (Hēraklês), apparently from Ἥρα (Hḗra, Hera) + κλέος (kléos, glory).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Herculēs m sg (genitive Herculis or Herculī); third declension

  1. (Greek mythology) Hercules, Heracles, heroic son of Zeus.
    Herculēs quidem contrā/adversus duōs (Μηδ’ Ἡρακλῆς πρὸς δύο).
    Not even Hercules fights against two.

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Herculēs Herculēs
Genitive Herculis
Herculī
Herculum
Dative Herculī Herculibus
Accusative Herculem Herculēs
Ablative Hercule Herculibus
Vocative Herculē
Herculēs
Hercle
Herculēs
  • Although listed as a vocative, Hercle is properly an interjection and a religious oath/swear. The other vocative forms also occur in this function, often augmented by - see mehercule.
  • The genitive and dative often found spelt as Herculei (read as /ˈher.ku.liː/ by Classical era) in manuscripts and inscriptions. [1]

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Hercŭles in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Hercules in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Hercŭlēs in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, page 742/2
  • Herculēs” on page 791/3 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
  1. ^ Corpus inscriptorum Latinarum vol. I pars II fasc. I, p.623 §1482 [= 1113] and p.626 §1503 [= 1145]. More properly: Theodorus Mommsen (editor), Inscriptiones latinae antiquissimae ad C. Caesaris mortem. Editio altera, fasciculus I, Berlin, 1918