California

EnglishEdit

 
Map of US highlighting California

EtymologyEdit

Probably Spanish after California, a Utopian island of the Amazons described in Las sergas de Esplandián, a 16th-century Spanish novel. The name comes from the fictional island's Muslim-allied queen, Calafia, whose name is a play on Arabic خَلِيفَة(ḵalīfa, caliph).

PronunciationEdit

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˌkæl.ɪˈfɔɹ.njə/, /ˌkæl.ɪˈfɔɹ.ni.ə/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)niə
  • Hyphenation: Cal‧i‧for‧nia

Proper nounEdit

California (plural Californias)

  1. The most populous state of the United States. Capital: Sacramento. Largest city: Los Angeles.
    Synonyms: (abbreviation) CA, (slang) Cali, (derogatory) Commiefornia
    • 1971, Joni Mitchell (lyrics and music), “California”, in Blue:
      But my heart cried out for you, California / Oh, California, I'm coming home
  2. Several places in the United States.
    1. A census-designated place in Maryland.
    2. A borough of Pennsylvania.
    3. A city in Missouri.
    4. A neighborhood of Cincinnati, Ohio.
    5. A city in Campbell County, Kentucky.
    6. A neighborhood of Louisville, Kentucky.
    7. A village in Maine.
    8. A ghost town in West Virginia.
  3. Several places in England.
    1. A village in Berkshire.
    2. A neighbourhood of Birmingham, West Midlands (OS grid ref SP0182).
    3. An area in Derby, Derbyshire.
    4. A district of Ipswich, Suffolk.
    5. A hamlet in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire.
    6. A hamlet in Kensworth, Bedfordshire.
    7. A coastal resort in Ormesby St Margaret with Scratby, Norfolk.
  4. A community in Ontario, Canada.
  5. A town in Santander department, Colombia.
  6. A town in Usulután department, El Salvador.
  7. A neighborhood of Casablanca, Morocco.
  8. A village in Bohol, Philippines.
  9. A village in Stirlingshire, Scotland.
  10. A town in Trinidad and Tobago.
  11. University of California, Berkeley.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


Central NahuatlEdit

Proper nounEdit

California

  1. California (a state of the United States)

DanishEdit

Proper nounEdit

California (genitive Californias)

  1. Alternative form of Californien

GalicianEdit

Proper nounEdit

California

  1. California (a state of the United States)

Related termsEdit


ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

EtymologyEdit

From English California.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

California f

  1. California (a state of the United States)

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Neo-Latin. From Spanish California

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

California f sg (genitive Californiae); first declension

  1. (New Latin) California
    California regiō magna est.California is a big region.

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun, with locative.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative California Californiae
Genitive Californiae Californiārum
Dative Californiae Californiīs
Accusative Californiam Californiās
Ablative Californiā Californiīs
Vocative California Californiae
Locative Californiae Californiīs

Derived termsEdit


RomanianEdit

Proper nounEdit

California f

  1. California (a state of the United States)

Related termsEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Mentioned in Montalvo's Las sergas de Esplandián as the name of Calafia's monarchy. A name invented by the author to remind Spanish readers of the recent Reconquista, probably related to califa (caliph).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kaliˈfoɾnja/, [ka.liˈfoɾ.nja]

Proper nounEdit

California f

  1. California (a state of the United States)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Putnam, Ruth (1917). Herbert Ingram Priestley (ed.). California: the name. Berkeley: University of California.