Orontes

EnglishEdit

 
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Etymology 1Edit

From Latin Orontēs, from Ancient Greek Ὀρόντης (Oróntēs), from Akkadian 𒀀𒊏𒀭𒌓 (Arāntu, Orontes; site of the Battle of Qarqar) and also in Egyptian jrnt (Arantu/Araunti, Orontes; river flowing by Qadesh) attested at least from the period of Ramesses II:

  • The meaning of which is contested with connections to: Akkadian 𒀀𒊏𒀭𒌓 (arantu, a type of grass; fennel), perhaps in connection to the region around the city of Ugarit, the ruins today being known as رَأْس شَمْرَة(raʾs šamra, Headland or Cape Fennel).
  • Also connected to Akkadian 𒀀𒊏𒀭𒁺 (araddu, arantu, wild ass; stubborn), possibly related to the modern name for the river الْعَاصِي(al-ʿāṣī, rebel, stubbornly in error, refusing to be corrected) so-called for its flowing south to the north unlike the rest of the rivers in the region.
  • Disputably from Old Median *Arvand; compare Avestan 𐬀𐬎𐬭𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬧𐬝-(auruuaṇt̰-, swift).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɔːˈɹɒntiːz/
  • Hyphenation: Oron‧tes

Proper nounEdit

 Orontes River on Wikipedia
 
View of the Orontes in Hama, Syria

the Orontes

  1. A river in Western Asia, about 400 km (250 mi) long,[1] flowing from Lebanon through Syria before entering the Mediterranean Sea near Samandağ in Turkey.
SynonymsEdit
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Etymology 2Edit

From Latin Orontēs, from Ancient Greek Ὀρόντης (Oróntēs), from Old Median *Arēvand, from Proto-Iranian *Raivant-, *Rayivant- (possessing wealth); see Old Armenian Երուանդ (Eruand) for more.

Proper nounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Orontes

  1. The name of any one of a number of ancient Armenian kings.
Derived termsEdit
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AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek Ὀρόντης (Oróntēs).

Proper nounEdit

Orontes

  1. Orontes (a river in Lebanon, Syria and Turkey)

Derived termsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek Ὀρόντης (Oróntēs).

 
View of the river

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Orontēs m sg (genitive Orontae); first declension

  1. the Orontes
  2. A male given name

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun (masculine Greek-type with nominative singular in -ēs), singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Orontēs
Genitive Orontae
Dative Orontae
Accusative Orontēn
Ablative Orontē
Vocative Orontē

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Orontes in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • Orontes in William Smith, editor, A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly, 1854, 1857