- A mythical Chinese paradise located in the eastern seas and populated with Taoist immortals.
- A city in eastern Shandong, China (famous for its mirages out at sea), formerly known as Tengchow and since renamed for the island.
- (mythical island): Penglai Island, Mount Penglai, Penglai Mountain
- (city): Tengchow / Teng-chou / Dengzhou (obsolete), Penglai City (legal)
- Horai, the Japanese development of the Chinese legend