See also: Eastern

English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English esturne, esterne, from Old English ēasterne (eastern), from Proto-Germanic *austrōnijaz (eastern), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ews-ro- (eastern), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ews- (dawn, east). Cognate with Old Saxon and Old High German ōstrōni (eastern), Old Norse austrœnn (eastern).

Morphologically east +‎ -ern.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

eastern (comparative more eastern, superlative most eastern)

  1. Of, facing, situated in, or related to the east.
    Synonym: (poetic) eoan
    • 1948, Carey McWilliams, North from Mexico / The Spanish-Speaking People of The United States, J. B. Lippincott Company, page 25:
      While De Anza was exploring the Bay of San Francisco, seeking a site for the presidio, the American colonists on the eastern seaboard, three thousand miles away, were celebrating the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
    • 2015, Shane R. Reeves, David Wallace, “The Combatant Status of the “Little Green Men” and Other Participants in the Ukraine Conflict”, in International Law Studies, US Naval War College[1], volume 91, number 361, Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, page 393:
      The “little green men”—faces covered, wearing unmarked olive uniforms, speaking Russian and using Russian weapons—have played a significant role in both the occupation of Crimea and the civil war in eastern Ukraine.196
  2. (of a wind) Blowing from the east; easterly.
  3. (loosely) Oriental.

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