See also: 蓬莱

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (3) (37)
Final () (1) (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buŋ/ /lʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/buŋ/ /ləi/
Shao
Rongfen
/buŋ/ /lɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bəwŋ/ /ləj/
Li
Rong
/buŋ/ /lᴀi/
Wang
Li
/buŋ/ /lɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuŋ/ /lɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
péng lái
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
No. 3216 7599
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*boːŋ/ /*rɯː/

Etymology 1Edit

phonetic
trad. (蓬萊)
simp. (蓬莱)
 
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Unknown.

It bears striking resemblance to a Southeast Asian word for “sea”. Compare Burmese ပင်လယ်(panglai, sea; ocean), Shan ပၢင်ႇလၢႆႇ(paaŋ2 laaj2, sea; ocean), Jingpho panglai(sea), S'gaw Karen ပီၣ်လဲၣ်(pɔ̀lɛ̀, sea). It seems to be a borrowing, possibly from a Mon-Khmer language; compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *d[n]liʔ(sea), whence Old Khmer danle, danley(large river; lake; sea) > Khmer ទន្លេ(tônlé, river), Thai ทะเล(tá-lee, sea) (Schuessler, 2007).

Alternatively, it is possibly a transcription of an earlier Austro-Asiatic name; cf. 萊國莱国 (Láiguó, “Lai”), an ancient Dongyi tribe, where (lái) has been argued to transcribe a native word for "mountain" or "wilderness".

Proper nounEdit

蓬萊

  1. (Chinese mythology) Penglai (a mythical eastern isle of immortals)
  2. () Penglai (city in Shandong, China)
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

(grass); disheveled Chenopodium album
trad. (蓬萊)
simp. (蓬莱)

NounEdit

蓬萊

  1. (literary) rank growth of grass