See also: 蓬莱

Contents

ChineseEdit

(grass); disheveled Chenopodium album
trad. (蓬萊)
simp. (蓬莱)
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EtymologyEdit

From Chinese + , of uncertain etymology. The characters can refer directly (together) to 蓬蒿草莱 or (separately) to various Chinese weeds and herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine and Taoist alchemy; can serve as a measure word (a "clump") for herbs; or they may be an Old Chinese transcription (reconstructed *bong or *brong rˤək) of an earlier Austro-Asiatic name: cf. 萊國 (Lai), an ancient Dongyi tribe, where 萊 has been argued to transcribe a native word for "mountain" or "wilderness".

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (37) (37)
Final () (1) (41) (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buŋ/ /lʌi/ /lʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/buŋ/ /ləi/ /ləiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/buŋ/ /lɒi/ /lɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bəwŋ/ /ləj/ /ləjH/
Li
Rong
/buŋ/ /lᴀi/ /lᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/buŋ/ /lɒi/ /lɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuŋ/ /lɑ̆i/ /lɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
péng lái lài
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
No. 3216 7599 7616
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*boːŋ/ /*rɯː/ /*rɯːs/

Proper nounEdit

蓬萊

  1. Penglai, a mythical eastern isle of the blessed in Chinese mythology
  2. Penglai, a city in Shandong, China, formerly known as Dengzhou or Tengchow and recently renamed after the legendary island

SynonymsEdit

Mythical island
City

Derived termsEdit

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