EnglishEdit

SuffixEdit

-d

  1. Alternative form of -ed now only standard with words which end in -e, but historically permissable in all the same places as -ed.
    bone → boned, learnlearnd
  2. An empty suffix, perhaps derived from the past-tense suffix above, added in some dialects to the present tense forms of some words which then add an additional -ed in the past tense.
    damn → damnd (→ damnded), drowndrownd (→ drownded)
  3. Marks ordinals written in digits when the final term of the spelled number is "second" or "third"
    2d grade; 23d century

SynonymsEdit

  • (marking ordinals ending with "second"): -nd
  • (marking ordinals ending with "third"): -rd

FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse -d, , from Proto-Germanic *-iþō.

SuffixEdit

-d f (genitive -dar, plural -dir)

  1. -th, -ness

DeclensionEdit

Declension of -d
f2 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative -d -din -dir -dirnar
accusative -d -dina -dir -dirnar
dative -d -dini -dum -dunum
genitive -dar -darinnar -da -danna

Derived termsEdit


HungarianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the *tᴕ̈ second-person personal pronoun of the ancestor language after it was appended to the base word.

SuffixEdit

-d

  1. (possessive suffix) your (second-person singular informal, single possession)
    hajó (boat)a hajód (your boat)
    kocsi (car)a kocsid (your car)
    palota (palace)a palotád (your palace)
    érme (coin)az érméd (your coin)
  2. (personal suffix) Used in the second-person singular definite forms of transitive verbs (in indicative present and past, subjunctive, and conditional moods).
    tudod, kéred, tudtad, kérted, tudjad, kérjed, tudnád, kérnéd
    1. (personal suffix, a subtype of the above) When attached directly to a verb stem, it may be the combined form of a covert (∅) allophone of -j (subjunctive suffix) and the regular suffix -d, marking the short form of the second-person singular definite subjunctive.
      tudd (= tudjad), kérd (= kérjed)
  3. (personal suffix) Second-person singular personal suffix in conjugated infinitives and in the declined and postposition forms of the second-person personal pronoun te (you). Usually with linking vowels.
    tanulni (to study)tanulnod kell (you must study)
    elé (in front of)eléd (in front of you)
Usage notesEdit
  • (possessive suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -ad is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to the other back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded (and some rounded) front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (personal suffix) See variants in the table below.

Etymology 2Edit

It can be traced back to the Proto-Finno-Ugric *-nt.[1]

SuffixEdit

-d

  1. (noun-forming suffix) Originally, it was probably a diminutive suffix. In this sense, it is no longer productive. It can be found in place names, given names, and a few other words.
    apró (tiny)apród (page boy)
    gyenge (weak)gyengéd (gentle)
    Árpád (a male given name)
  2. (verb-forming suffix) A frequentative suffix or denoting the beginning of a process.
    -dék
    imád
    szenved
  3. (fraction-forming suffix) Added to a cardinal number to form a fraction. It is used with a linking vowel, see -ad, -od, -ed, -öd.
    száz (hundred)század (hundredth)
Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ -d in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

LushootseedEdit

SuffixEdit

-d

  1. denotes an action performed on someone or something else (transitive suffix; allows for a direct complement patient, creating a patient-oriented verb)

OjibweEdit

FinalEdit

-d

  1. act on

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

SuffixEdit

-d

  1. A suffix denoting the third-person singular conjunct form of an animate intransitive verb (vai)
  2. A suffix denoting the third-person singular conjunct form of an animate intransitive verb with an object (vai+o)
  3. A suffix denoting the third-person singular conjunct form of a Type 3 inanimate transitive verb (vti3)
  4. A suffix denoting the third-person singular to first-person singular conjunct form of a transitive animate verb (vta) with Cw ending

See alsoEdit


SwedishEdit

SuffixEdit

-d

  1. Suffix to form the past participle of weakly inflected verbs, to be used when the corresponding participle belongs with a common noun in indefinite singular form.

See alsoEdit