See also: Appendix:Variations of "d"
- Alternative form of now only standard with words which end in -e, but historically permissable in all the same places as -ed.
- bone → boned, learn → learnd
- An empty suffix, perhaps derived from the past-tense suffix above, added in some dialects to the present tense forms of some words which then add an additional -ed in the past tense.
- Marks ordinals written in digits when the final term of the spelled number is "second" or "third"
- 2d grade; 23d century
|Declension of -d|
- (possessive suffix) your (second-person singular informal, single possession)
- (personal suffix) Used in the second-person singular forms of transitive verbs.
- (frequentative suffix) It can be found in verbs.
- (diminutive suffix) In this role, it is no longer productive. It can be found in place names, given names, and a few other words.
- (fraction-forming suffix) Added to a cardinal number to form a fraction. It is used with a linking vowel, see -ad, -od, -ed, -öd.
- (possessive suffix) Harmonic variants:
- -d is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
- -ad is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
- -od is added to some other back vowel words ending in a consonant
- -ed is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
- -öd is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant