From Middle English -th, -t, from Old English -þ, -t, -þu, -tu, -þo, -to (“-th”, abstract nominal suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-iþō (“-th”), from Proto-Indo-European *-iteh₂ (“-th”). Cognate with Scots -th (“-th”), West Frisian -te (“-th”), Dutch -te (“-th”), Danish -de (“-th”), Swedish -d (“-th”), Icelandic -ð, -d (“-th”), Gothic -𐌹𐌸𐌰 (-iþa, “-th”), Latin -itās (“-ty, -ity”). See -ity.
- (rare) Forming nouns from verbs of action.
- (rare) Forming nouns from adjectives.
- Used to form the ordinal numeral when the final term of the spelled number is not "first", "second", or "third".
- The 4th of July
- (archaic) a variant of -eth, used to form the archaic third-person singular indicative present tense of verbs
- come → cometh
- have → hath