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Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/bairaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unknown. Perhaps from earlier *baizaz.

NounEdit

*bairaz m[1]

  1. boar
    Synonym: *eburaz

InflectionEdit

masculine a-stemDeclension of *bairaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *bairaz *bairōz, *bairōs
vocative *bair *bairōz, *bairōs
accusative *bairą *bairanz
genitive *bairas, *bairis *bairǫ̂
dative *bairai *bairamaz
instrumental *bairō *bairamiz

DescendantsEdit

  • Old English: bār
  • Old Frisian: *bār
  • Old Saxon: bēr
    • Middle Low German: bêr
      • Low German: Behr (Osnabrückisch)
  • Old Dutch: *bēr; bēro
  • Old High German bēr, pēr, pair
    • Middle High German: bēr
      • German: Bär (boar) (dialectal, obsolete outside compounds)
  • Old Norse: (bassi (boar))

Further readingEdit

  • Albertas Steponavičius, Diachronic Linguistics and Etymology (2006), page 111:
    Etymologies of the names for 'wild boar'
    []
    ModE boar < OE bar < WGmc *bairaz; cf. OHG per, Du. beer.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*baira-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 48