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Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/siduz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-GermanicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain. On the suggestion that the meaning "custom" developed from "band, bond", Kroonen tentatively reconstructs Pre-Germanic *sh₂itús (bond, rule, tradition), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂y- (to bind).[1]

Another possibility lies in derivation from Proto-Indo-European *swedʰ- (wont, habit, custom), cognate with Ancient Greek ἦθος (êthos, character; custom, habit), Sanskrit स्वधा (svadhā, wont, custom, pleasure), Latin suēscō (grow accustomed, habituate, acclimate, train), Latin sodālis (mate, companion, comrade).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

*siduz m

  1. custom, habit, practice
  2. conduct

InflectionEdit

u-stemDeclension of *siduz (u-stem)
singular plural
nominative *siduz *sidiwiz
vocative *sidu *sidiwiz
accusative *sidų *sidunz
genitive *sidauz *sidiwǫ̂
dative *sidiwi *sidumaz
instrumental *sidū *sidumiz

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill