Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/walhaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.
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Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the name of a Celtic tribe, the Volcae. Historically the tribe's name has been linked to an animal, possibly Proto-Celtic *wolkos (hawk), or alternatively (but less likely[1]) Proto-Celtic *ulkʷos (wolf), in turn from Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos, as Caesar described the Celts having fought with huge dogs.[2] For the first possibility, cf. the personal name Gaulish Catuvolcus and Welsh cadwalch (hero, champion, warrior, literally battle-hawk).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

*walhaz m

  1. foreigner, non-Germanic person (especially a speaker of Latin or a Celtic or Romance language)

InflectionEdit

masculine a-stemDeclension of *walhaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *walhaz *walhōz, *walhōs
vocative *walh *walhōz, *walhōs
accusative *walhą *walhanz
genitive *walhas, *walhis *walhǫ̂
dative *walhai *walhamaz
instrumental *walhō *walhamiz

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Patrizia de Bernardo (2008), "Linguistically Celtic Ethnonyms: towards a classification", in: Juan Luís García Alonso (ed.), Celtic and Other Languages in Ancient Europe, Salamanca: Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca, p. 103
  2. ^ Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico.