See also: Val, vál, văl, väl, val., Val., and -val

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Shortening.

NounEdit

val (countable and uncountable, plural vals)

  1. (informal) Valium.
    • 1997 May 29, Kate Sholl, “Re: MED: Pain relief in Neck?”, in alt.med.fibromyalgia, Usenet[1]:
      and i must be on that list of people that need to get knocked over with a hammer 'cause vicodin and val don't knock me out.
    • 1998 December 29, rob [username], “Re: Depression and MS(leg/feet burning pain)”, in alt.support.mult-sclerosis, Usenet[2]:
      I would think though that whatever the reason for a panic attack valium would be great. I know that if my house was on fire and I was on 15mg of val It[sic] would take a lot more energy than I had, to panic. ;^)
    • 2002 June 28, FllSpdAhd1 [username], “Re: Valium?”, in rec.pets.cats.health+behav, Usenet[3]:
      I'm a medic and phenobarb is the primary drug for true seizures, but the OP states the cat presents seizure like behavior at the sound of her voice. I don't know where any of you are from, but we don't treat seizures with val.

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch vallen

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

val (present val, present participle vallende, past participle geval)

  1. to fall

AragoneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin valles.

NounEdit

val f

  1. valley

CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val m (plural vals)

  1. voucher

InterjectionEdit

val

  1. okay

VerbEdit

val

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of valer
  2. second-person singular imperative form of valer

Further readingEdit


CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German wal, from Latin vallum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val m

  1. bulwark, rampart

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • val in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • val in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Old Norse valr

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val c (singular definite valen, not used in plural form)

  1. (poetic) battlefield

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Middle Low German wal or Dutch wal (coast, shore), from Latin vallum. Doublet of vold.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val c (singular definite vallen, not used in plural form)

  1. (obsolete) steep coastline

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Norse vǫllr, from Proto-Germanic *walþuz (forest), cognate with German Wald. Doublet of vold. Alternatively, the same word as the noun above.

NounEdit

val c (singular definite vallen, not used in plural form)

  1. (obsolete) plain
    • 1812, N.F.S. Grundtvig, Til Danerkongen Frederik hin Sjette (in: Poetiske Skrifter, vol. 3, p. 2):
      Paa faste Val og paa den grønne Strand, | At ofre villig baade Liv og Blod.
      On the firm plain and the green beach to sacrifice both life and blood.

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /vɑl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: val
  • Rhymes: -ɑl

Etymology 1Edit

From the verb vallen (to fall).

NounEdit

val m (plural vallen, diminutive valletje n)

  1. A fall (act or event of falling).
  2. A downfall, demise.
    Synonym: ondergang
  3. (in compounds) A case, modality
  4. (in compounds) The falling of the night, nightfall.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Dutch valle.

NounEdit

val f (plural vallen, diminutive valletje n)

  1. A physical trap, snare.
  2. Any trap, ploy.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

val

  1. first-person singular present indicative of vallen
  2. imperative of vallen

Etymology 4Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Probably of the same origin as walvis (whale), being the largest land fish.

NounEdit

val m (plural vallen, diminutive valletje n)

  1. (obsolete) A catfish.
    Synonym: meerval
  2. Any of its relatives in the family Siluridae.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

From Sanskrit वल्ले (valle), called after the resilient seeds of Abrus precatorius. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

NounEdit

val m (plural vals, diminutive valletje n)

  1. (obsolete) An East Indian weight for silver and gold.(Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    • 1682, Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, De zes reizen van den Heer J. Bapt. Tavernier, die hij, gedurende de tyt van veertig jaren, in Turkyen, Persiën, en in d'Indiën, langs alle de wegen, die derwaarts strekken, gedaan heeft [The six voyages of Lord J. Bapt. Tavernier, which he made during the period of forty years, in Turkey, Persia, and in the Indies, along all the roads leading thither], Amsterdam: Weduwe Johannes van Someren, page 12:
      Wat de Spaansche Reaal aangaat / die drieënzeventig Vals weegt / men heeft 'er vier Mamoudiën en een halve voor / en een Mamoudi geld twintig Pechas ; en in dezer voegen heeft men voor de Spaansche Reaal tnegentig Pechas: maar zij moeten / gelijk ik gezegt heb / goed zijn / en drieenzeventig Vals wegen.
      As for the Spanish real, which weighs seventy-three vals, one gets four and a half mahmudi for it, and a mahmudi is worth twenty paisa; and in this way one has ninety paisa for the Spanish real: but they should, as I was saying, be good, and weigh seventy-three vals.

AnagramsEdit


FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse val (choice), from the verb velja (to choose).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val n (genitive singular vals, plural val)

  1. choice
  2. (politics) election
  3. quality

DeclensionEdit

Declension of val
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative val valið val valini
accusative val valið val valini
dative vali valinum valum valunum
genitive vals valsins vala valanna

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French val, from Latin vallis, vallem.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val m (plural vaux)

  1. (literary) valley, vale

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vallis, vallem.

NounEdit

val f (plural valis)

  1. valley

SynonymsEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

13th century. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese vale, from Latin vallis, vallem.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val m (plural vales)

  1. valley
    • c1350, Kevin M. Parker (ed.), Historia Troyana. Santiago: Instituto Padre Sarmiento, page 122:
      Et ao ferir, braadarõ et deron tan grãdes vozes que os vales rretenyam.
      As they clashed, they shouted and cried so aloud that the valleys resounded.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • vale” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • vale” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • val” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • val” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • val” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse val (choice), from the verb velja (to choose).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val n

  1. choice
  2. selection

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val f (invariable)

  1. Apocopic form of valle

AnagramsEdit


LivonianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Related to Finnish valo.

NounEdit

val

  1. light

Middle High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German val

NounEdit

val m

  1. fall
  2. (grammar) case
    • 14th century, Heinrich von Mügeln, Der meide krancz (Codex Palatinus germanicus (Cod. Pal. germ.) 14)
      Wÿ man dy namen brechen ſol
      Nach iren vellen hin czu cal
      [the following verses contain a declension of Petrus (genitive Petri, dative Petro, accusative Petrum, vocative Petre and ablative Petro)]
      How one shall inflect/decline (literally break) the nouns
      After their cases over to number

DescendantsEdit

  • German: Fall

Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse vaðill (ford, shallow water).

NounEdit

val m (definite singular valen, indefinite plural valer, definite plural valene)

  1. inlet, shallow bay

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse valr (the fallen).

NounEdit

val m (definite singular valen, indefinite plural valer, definite plural valene)

  1. (poetic) battlefield

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Norse val.

NounEdit

val n

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1959; superseded by valg

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse val.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val n (definite singular valet, indefinite plural val, definite plural vala)

  1. choice
    Du har ikkje noko val.
    You don't have a choice.
  2. election
    Kven skal du røysta på til valet?
    Who are you going to vote for in the election?

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


OccitanEdit

 
Occitan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia oc

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vallis.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

val f (plural vals)

  1. valley

Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vallis, vallem.

NounEdit

val m (oblique plural vaus or vax or vals, nominative singular vaus or vax or vals, nominative plural val)

  1. valley

DescendantsEdit


Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *fall, from Proto-Germanic *fallaz.

NounEdit

val m

  1. fall

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle High German: val

PiedmonteseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vallis, vallem.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val f (plural vaj)

  1. valley

PortugueseEdit

VerbEdit

val

  1. (Portugal) third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of valer

NounEdit

val m (plural vales)

  1. Apocopic form of vale: valley
    Synonym: vale

RomanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *valъ, from Proto-Indo-European *welH- (to turn, roll). Compare Serbo-Croatian val; close to Albanian valë.

NounEdit

val n (plural valuri)

  1. wave
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin vallum (wall, rampart), probably a later borrowing; cf. German Wall, Italian vallo, also English wall

NounEdit

val n (plural valuri)

  1. earth rampart which served in antiquity as a military stronghold
See alsoEdit

RomanschEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vallis, vallem.

NounEdit

val f (plural vals)

  1. valley

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *valъ, from Proto-Indo-European *wel(H)- (to turn, roll).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vȃl m (Cyrillic spelling ва̑л)

  1. (regional, Croatia) wave (a long body of water curling into an arched form)

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit


SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German wal, from Latin vallum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val m

  1. bulwark, rampart

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • val in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *valъ, from Proto-Indo-European *wel(H)- (to turn, roll).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vȃl m inan

  1. wave, undulation

InflectionEdit

Masculine inan., hard o-stem, plural in -ôv-
nom. sing. vál
gen. sing. vála
singular dual plural
nominative vál valôva valôvi
accusative vál valôva valôve
genitive vála valôv valôv
dative válu valôvoma valôvom
locative válu valôvih valôvih
instrumental válom valôvoma valôvi
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. vál
gen. sing. vála
singular dual plural
nominative vál vála váli
accusative vál vála vále
genitive vála válov válov
dative válu váloma válom
locative válu válih válih
instrumental válom váloma váli

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • val”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val m (plural valles)

  1. Apocopic form of valle valley

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

val

  1. Apocopic form of vale: is worth
    mi casa y mi hogar cien doblas val. (val rhymes with hogar, assonant rhyme)
    there's no place like home.

Usage notesEdit

In Old Spanish, after the consonants /d/, /n/, /l/, /ll/, /r/, and /z/, a final /-e/ was frequently elided, as in pid, vien, val, quier, faz, versus the modern forms of pide, viene, vale, quiere, and hace (in modern Spanish, a few apocopes following coronal consonants are still preserved: buen, gran, san, derived from bueno, grande, and santo).

Further readingEdit


SwedishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Swedish hval, from Old Norse hvalr, from Proto-Germanic *hwalaz, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kʷálos (sheatfish).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val c

  1. whale
DeclensionEdit
Declension of val 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative val valen valar valarna
Genitive vals valens valars valarnas

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse val, related to välja, vilja (English will)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val n

  1. an election[1]
  2. a choice
DeclensionEdit
Declension of val 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative val valet val valen
Genitive vals valets vals valens

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Norse valr (the slain, the fallen), from Proto-Germanic *walaz (corpse, body; carnage).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

val ?

  1. the fallen; casualties of a war or battle

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Government terms, Government Offices of Sweden

AnagramsEdit


VenetianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vallis, vallem.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /val/
  • Hyphenation: vàl

NounEdit

val f (plural val)

  1. valley

SynonymsEdit


WestrobothnianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse val, related to the verb velja (to choose).

NounEdit

val n

  1. Choice, election.

Related termsEdit

VerbEdit

val (preterite vart, supine vorte)

  1. Alternative spelling of wahl

NounEdit

val m

  1. Alternative form of gval (etymology 1 & 2)