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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to call
  2. to chant
  3. to shout

Derived termsEdit

  • *gʰōl-éye-ti (secondary long-grade causative)[1]
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *galiti (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *gōlijaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʰól-e-ti (o-grade intensive)[1]
  • *gʰl̥-néh₂-ti (néh₂-present)
    • Albanian:
    • Germanic: *gullōną (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʰel-n- (possible back-formed from *gʰl̥-néh₂-ti)[1]
    • Germanic: *gellaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʰel-gʰel-[1]
    • Armenian:
    • Hittite: [script needed] (galgal-ināi-, to make a musical sound)
  • *gʰōl-o-
  • *gʰōl-i-[1]
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • Unsorted formations:


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*galan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 164: “*gʰel-”