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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/gʰel-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*gʰel-[1]

  1. to call
  2. to chant
  3. to shout

Derived termsEdit

  • *gʰōl-éye-ti (secondary long-grade causative)[1]
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *galiti (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *gōlijaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʰól-e-ti (o-grade intensive)[1]
  • *gʰl̥-néh₂-ti (néh₂-present)
    • Albanian:
    • Germanic: *gullōną (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʰel-n- (possible back-formed from *gʰl̥-néh₂-ti)[1]
    • Germanic: *gellaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʰel-gʰel-[1]
    • Armenian:
    • Hittite: [script needed] (galgal-ināi-, to make a musical sound)
  • *gʰōl-o-
  • *gʰōl-i-[1]
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • Unsorted formations:

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*galan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 164: “*gʰel-”