See also: Call and CALL

EnglishEdit

 call on Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

 
Woman making a telephone call (1964).
Call of the osprey (bird).

From Middle English callen, from Old English ceallian (to call, shout) and Old Norse kalla (to call; shout; refer to as; name); both from Proto-Germanic *kalzōną (to call, shout), from Proto-Indo-European *gal(o)s-, *glōs-, *golH-so- (voice, cry). Cognate with Scots call, caw, ca (to call, cry, shout), Dutch kallen (to chat, talk), German dialectal kallen (to talk; talk loudly or too much), Swedish kalla (to call, refer to, beckon), Norwegian kalle (to call, name), Icelandic kalla (to call, shout, name), Welsh galw (to call, demand), Polish głos (voice), Lithuanian gal̃sas (echo), Russian голос (golos, voice), Albanian gjuhë (language, tongue).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

call (plural calls)

  1. A telephone conversation; a phone call.
    I received several phone calls today.
    I received several calls today.
  2. An instance of calling someone on the telephone.
    I made a call to Jim, but he didn't answer.
  3. A short visit, usually for social purposes.
    I paid a call to a dear friend of mine.
    • 1785, William Cowper, “Book I. The Sofa.”, in The Task, a Poem, [], London: [] J[oseph] Johnson; [], OCLC 228757725, pages 13–14:
      He [...] ſeldom waits, / Dependent on the baker's punctual call, / To hear his creaking panniers at the door, / Angry and ſad and his laſt cruſt conſumed.
    • 1938, Norman Lindsay, Age of Consent, Sydney: Ure Smith, published 1962, page 149:
      Podson stayed till after five, though he handsomely apologized for outstaying a call. "The fact is, I never think of the time, when I get talking to a really intelligent woman...'
  4. (nautical) A visit by a ship or boat to a port.
    The ship made a call at Southampton.
  5. A cry or shout.
    He heard a call from the other side of the room.
  6. A decision or judgement.
    That was a good call.
  7. The characteristic cry of a bird or other animal.
    That sound is the distinctive call of the cuckoo bird.
  8. A beckoning or summoning.
    I had to yield to the call of the wild.
  9. The right to speak at a given time during a debate or other public event; the floor.
    The Prime Minister has the call.
    I give the call to the Manager of Opposition Business.
  10. (finance) Short for call option.
  11. (cricket) The act of calling to the other batsman.
  12. (cricket) The state of being the batsman whose role it is to call (depends on where the ball goes.)
  13. A work shift which requires one to be available when requested (see on call).
    • 1978, Alan E. Nourse, The Practice,[1] Harper & Row, →ISBN:
      page 48: “Mondays would be great, especially after a weekend of call.”
      page 56: “[...] I’ve got call tonight, and all weekend, but I’ll be off tomorrow to help you some.”
    • 2007, William D. Bailey, You Will Never Run out of Jesus, CrossHouse Publishing, →ISBN:
      page 29: I took general-surgery call at Bossier Medical Center and asked special permission to take general-medical call, which was gladly given away by the older staff members: [...]. You would be surprised at how many surgical cases came out of medical call.
      page 206: My first night of primary medical call was greeted about midnight with a very ill 30-year-old lady who had a temperature of 103 degrees.
    • 2008, Jamal M. Bullocks [et al.], Plastic Surgery Emergencies: Principles and Techniques, Thieme, →ISBN, page ix:
      We attempted to include all topics that we ourselves have faced while taking plastic surgery call at the affiliated hospitals in the Texas Medical Center, one of the largest medical centers in the world, which sees over 100,000 patients per day.
    • 2009, Steven Louis Shelley, A Practical Guide to Stage Lighting, page 171:
      The columns in the second rectangle show fewer hours, but part of that is due to the fact that there's a division between a work call and a show call.
  14. (computing) The act of jumping to a subprogram, saving the means to return to the original point.
  15. A statement of a particular state, or rule, made in many games such as bridge, craps, jacks, and so on.
    There was a 20 dollar bet on the table, and my call was 9.
  16. (poker) The act of matching a bet made by a player who has previously bet in the same round of betting.
  17. A note blown on the horn to encourage the dogs in a hunt.
  18. (nautical) A whistle or pipe, used by the boatswain and his mate to summon the sailors to duty.
  19. A pipe or other instrument to call birds or animals by imitating their note or cry. A game call.
  20. An invitation to take charge of or serve a church as its pastor.
  21. (archaic) Vocation; employment; calling.
  22. (US, law) A reference to, or statement of, an object, course, distance, or other matter of description in a survey or grant requiring or calling for a corresponding object, etc., on the land.
  23. (informal, slang, prostitution) A meeting with a client for paid sex; hookup; job.
    • 2015 March 3, Lyda Longa, “Internet hookups mean fewer prostitutes on Daytona’s streets, police say”, in The Daytona Beach News-Journal[2], Daytona Beach, Fla.:
      "They have a little network of women that watch out for each other," Morford said. That means that if one prostitute doesn't come back after going out on a call – whether it's an Internet prostitute or a streetwalker – and the other women can't get hold of her, they get scared, close up shop and won't work, Morford said.
  24. (law) A lawyer who was called to the Bar (became licensed as a lawyer) in a specified year.
    • 2020 October 28, Master K.E. Jolley, “Korlyakov v. Riesz, 2020 ONSC 6622”, in CanLII[3], retrieved 19 June 2021:
      The work was done by two lawyers, one a 1983 call and the other a 2010 call.

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

call (third-person singular simple present calls, present participle calling, simple past and past participle called or call'd)

  1. To use one's voice.
    1. (intransitive) To request, summon, or beckon.
      That person is hurt; call for help!
    2. (intransitive) To cry or shout.
    3. (transitive) To utter in a loud or distinct voice.
      to call the roll of a military company
      • 1714, J[ohn] Gay, “Saturday; or, The Flights”, in The Shepherd’s Week. In Six Pastorals, London: [] R. Burleigh [], OCLC 22942401, lines 47–50, page 56:
        Not ballad-ſinger plac'd above the croud, / Sings with a note ſo ſhrilling ſweet and loud, / Nor pariſh clerk who calls the pſalm ſo clear, / Like Bowzybeus ſooths th' attentive ear.
    4. (transitive, intransitive) To contact by telephone.
      Why don’t you call me in the morning?    Why don’t you call tomorrow?
    5. (transitive) To declare in advance.
      The captains call the coin toss.
    6. To rouse from sleep; to awaken.
    7. To declare (an effort or project) to be a failure.
      After the third massive failure, John called the whole initiative.
  2. (heading, intransitive) To visit.
    1. To pay a (social) visit (often used with "on", "round", or "at"; used by salespeople with "again" to invite customers to come again).
      We could always call on a friend.    The engineer called round whilst you were away.
    2. To stop at a station or port.
      This train calls at Reading, Slough and London Paddington.  Our cruise ship called at Bristol Harbour.
  3. To name, identify or describe.
    1. (ditransitive) To name or refer to.
      Why don’t we dispense with the formalities. Please call me Al.
      • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt’s Patients, OL 5535161W:
        I don't know how you and the 'head,' as you call him, will get on, but I do know that if you call my duds a 'livery' again there'll be trouble. It's bad enough to go around togged out like a life saver on a drill day, but I can stand that 'cause I'm paid for it. What I won't stand is to have them togs called a livery.
      • 1920, Mary Roberts Rinehart; Avery Hopwood, “The Shadow of the Bat”, in The Bat: A Novel from the Play (Dell Book; 241), New York, N.Y.: Dell Publishing Company, OCLC 20230794, page 6:
        The Bat—they called him the Bat. Like a bat he chose the night hours for his work of rapine; like a bat he struck and vanished, pouncingly, noiselessly; like a bat he never showed himself to the face of the day.
      • 2013 June 28, Joris Luyendijk, “Our banks are out of control”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 3, page 21:
        But the scandals kept coming, and so we entered stage three–what therapists call "bargaining". A broad section of the political class now recognises the need for change but remains unable to see the necessity of a fundamental overhaul. Instead it offers fixes and patches.
    2. (in passive) Of a person, to have as one's name; of a thing, to have as its name.
      I’m called John.    A very tall building is called a skyscraper.
      • 2013 September-October, Henry Petroski, “The Evolution of Eyeglasses”, in American Scientist:
        The ability of a segment of a glass sphere to magnify whatever is placed before it was known around the year 1000, when the spherical segment was called a reading stone, essentially what today we might term a frameless magnifying glass or plain glass paperweight.
    3. (transitive) To predict.
      He called twelve of the last three recessions.
    4. To state, or estimate, approximately or loosely; to characterize without strict regard to fact.
      They call the distance ten miles.  That's enough work. Let's call it a day and go home.
      • 1842, Henry Brougham, Political Philosophy:
        The whole army is called 700,000 men
    5. (transitive) To claim the existence of some malfeasance; to denounce as.
      I call bullshit.    She called foul on their scheme.
      • 2008, PC Magazine[4]:
        Having been around the block a few times, I immediately called "shenanigans” on it, but even so, I was taken aback.
    6. (obsolete) To disclose the class or character of; to identify.
  4. (heading, sports) Direct or indirect use of the voice.
    1. (cricket) (of a batsman): To shout directions to the other batsman on whether or not they should take a run.
    2. (baseball, cricket) (of a fielder): To shout to other fielders that he intends to take a catch (thus avoiding collisions).
    3. (intransitive, poker) To equal the same amount that other players are currently betting.
      I bet $800 and Jane raised to $1600. My options: call (match her $1600 bet), reraise or fold.
    4. (intransitive, poker, proscribed) To match the current bet amount, in preparation for a raise in the same turn. (Usually, players are forbidden to announce one's play this way.)
      I’ll call your 300, and raise to 600!
    5. (transitive) To state, or invoke a rule, in many games such as bridge, craps, jacks, and so on.
      My partner called two spades.
  5. (transitive, sometimes with for) To require, demand.
    He felt called to help the old man.
    • 1910, Emerson Hough, “The Gateway, and Some Who Passed”, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 639762314, page 29:
      Carried somehow, somewhither, for some reason, on these surging floods, were these travelers, of errand not wholly obvious to their fellows, yet of such sort as to call into query alike the nature of their errand and their own relations.
  6. (transitive, colloquial) To lay claim to an object or role which is up for grabs.
    I call the comfy chair!
    • 1998, “The Trouble with Trillions”, in The Simpsons[5], season 9:
      Mr. Burns: Any of these islands would make a fine new country. / Homer: I call president! / Mr. Burns: Vice president! / Smithers: [groans]
  7. (transitive, finance) To announce the early extinction of a debt by prepayment, usually at a premium.
  8. (transitive, banking) To demand repayment of a loan.
  9. (transitive, computing) To jump to (another part of a program) to perform some operation, returning to the original point on completion.
    A recursive function is one that calls itself.
  10. This term needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Usage notesEdit

  • In older forms of English, when the pronoun thou was in active use, and verbs used -est for distinct second-person singular indicative forms, the verb call had the form callest, and had calledst for its past tense.
  • Similarly, when the ending -eth was in active use for third-person singular present indicative forms, the form calleth was used.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin callis (alley, narrow street, passageway)

NounEdit

call m (plural calls)

  1. passageway

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin callum.

NounEdit

call m (uncountable)

  1. corn
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from Hebrew קָהָל(qahál, assembly, synagogue).

NounEdit

call m (plural calls)

  1. Jewish quarter
    Synonym: jueria

Further readingEdit


IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

call m (genitive singular call)

  1. call, need
  2. claim, right
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

call m (genitive singular caill)

  1. Ulster form of coll (hazel)
DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
call chall gcall
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • "call" in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “call” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “call” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Scottish GaelicEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

call m (genitive singular calla, plural callaidhean)

  1. verbal noun of caill
  2. loss
  3. waste

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
call chall
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

call (feminine singular call, plural call, equative called, comparative callach, superlative callaf)

  1. wise, sensible, rational
    Synonyms: doeth, deallus

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
call gall nghall chall
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.