Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/galъ

This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Etymology 1 edit

Uncertain. Sparsely attested, mainly in toponyms and derived terms.

If the color association is derived from the name of the jay, jackdow bird (and not vice versa), it is possible that the root is of onomatopoeic nature, related to *gavati (to bark), *gajati (to croak), *gakati (to caw). Compare regional *gaga (jay).

Adjective edit

*galъ

  1. dark, murky, swarty
  2. black (for animals, places)
    Synonym: *vornъ

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Colors in Proto-Slavic · *mȃsti (layout · text)
     *bělъ
(of animals) *bronъ
     *sivъ, *śěrъ, *śědъ      *čьrnъ, *smaglъ/*smǫglъ
(of animals) *vornъ, *galъ
             *čьrvenъ, *ryďь, *ruměnъ              *rudъ, *granivъ; *smědъ,
(of animals) *gnědъ
             *žьltъ
(of animals) *solvъ; *polvъ
             *zelenъ              *zelenъ, *grěnъ             
                          *polvъ              *siňь; *modrъ
             *slivъ              *bagrъ             

Descendants edit

  • East Slavic:
    • Ukrainian: галь (halʹ, herd of jays) (dialectal)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: gał (pitch) (dialectal)

Further reading edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “галка”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress
  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1979), “*galъ II”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), issue 6 (*e – *golva), Moscow: Nauka, page 96
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1971), “гал”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1 (А – З), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, →ISBN, page 225
  • Maya Vlahova-Angelova (2014), “Цветовете в Българската топонимия”, in „Известия“, книга XXVII[1], Institute of Bulgarian Language at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, pages 130-159

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Indo-European *gʰel- (to shout, cry). Cognate with Proto-Germanic *galaną.

Noun edit

*galъ m

  1. noise

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “галда”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress