Open main menu

Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/plewk-

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Extended form of *plew-.

RootEdit

*plewk-[1][2][3]

  1. to fly, flow, run
  2. to splash, to flap with hands

Derived termsEdit

  • *pléwk-e-ti (thematic present)
    • Germanic: *fleuhaną (to flee)
    • Germanic: *fleuganą (to fly)[4] (reanalyzed)
  • *plowk-yé-ti (o-grade yé-present)
  • *pluk-yé-ti (0-grade yé-present)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: plúkti (to strike, to splash)
      • → Slavic: *plyčьkati (to splash, to crawl in water) (expressive, extended with *-kati)
    • Germanic: *plugijaną (to plug) (possibly)
  • *plewk-éh₂-ti (éh₂-present)
  • *plewk-sḱ-éy-ti (sḱ-inchoative)
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • *plúk-tis (i-stem t-participle)
  • *plówk-os (o-stem nominal) (possibly)
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • *plewk-éh₂n ~ *pluk-éh₂n (Germ. ōn-stem)
  • *pluk-nós (n-participle)
  • *pluk-lós (l-participle)
    • Germanic: *fuglaz (fowl)[10] (from earlier *fluglaz)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 835–837
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “?*pleu̯k-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 488
  3. ^ Watkins, Calvert (1985), “pleu-”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*fleugan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 146
  5. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “plaũkti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 363
  6. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*fleugōn-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 146
  7. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “plaukas”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 362
  8. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*fleugōn”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 146
  9. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*flukka(n)”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 148
  10. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*fugla-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 157