See also: Mille

CorsicanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mille, from Proto-Italic *smīɣeslī, from Proto-Indo-European *smih₂ǵʰéslih₂. Cognates include Italian mille and French mille.

NumeralEdit

mille

  1. a thousand

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French mille (thousand), from Latin mīlle.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /mil/, /ˈmi.lə/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: mil‧le

NounEdit

mille n (uncountable)

  1. grand (sum of the value of 1,000 monetary units)

FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

mille

  1. Allative singular form of mikä.
  2. Allative plural form of mikä.

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French mille, from Old French mile, from Latin mīlle (thousand) (plural mīlia), from Proto-Italic *smīɣeslī, from Proto-Indo-European *smih₂ǵʰéslih₂ (one thousand).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

French numbers (edit)
1,000
100
    Cardinal: mille
    Ordinal: millième

mille

  1. thousand, a thousand, one thousand
    Presque mille enfants y habitent. — Almost a thousand children live there.

NounEdit

mille m (plural milles)

  1. thousand
  2. mile (abbreviation mi)
  3. nautical mile (short for mille nautique)
  4. bullseye

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Garifuna: milu (possibly)

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

Italian cardinal numbers
 <  999 1000 1001  > 
    Cardinal : mille
    Ordinal : millesimo

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mīlle, from Proto-Italic *smīɣeslī, from Proto-Indo-European *smih₂ǵʰéslih₂ (one thousand). Doublet of miglio.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

mille (invariable)

  1. thousand

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

Latin numbers (edit)
M
1,000
100
    Cardinal: mīlle
    Ordinal: mīllēsimus
    Adverbial: mīlliēns, mīlliēs
    Distributive: mīllenī
 
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Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Italic *smīɣeslī, from Proto-Indo-European *smih₂ǵʰéslih₂ (one thousand), from *sm̥- (one) (whence also semel) and *ǵʰes- (hand) (whence also hir, Ancient Greek χείρ (kheír)), as if “full hand”.[1] Cognates include Ancient Greek χίλιοι (khílioi), Persian هزار(hezar), and Sanskrit सहस्र (sahásra).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

mīlle (genitive mīlle); semi-indeclinable numeral

  1. thousand; 1000
    Mīlle hominum rīsit, or, mīlle hominēs rīserunt or, less preferrably, mīlle hominum rīsērunt.A thousand people laughed.
    Duo mīlia ovium tōnsa sunt.Two thousand sheep have been sheared.
    • c. 177 CE, Aulus Gellius, Noctes Atticae 1.16.13:
      Lūcīlius autem . . .

      mīllī nummum potes ūnō quaerere centum

      'mīllī passum' dīxit prō 'mīlle passibus' et 'ūnō mīllī nummum' prō 'ūnīs mīlle nummīs', apertēque ostendit 'mīlle' et vocābulum esse et singulārī numerō dīci eiusque plūrātivum esse 'mīlia' et cāsum etiam capere ablātīvum
      While Lucilius wrote . . .

      With a thousand sesterces you can get a hundred thousand.

      milli passum instead of mille passibus and uno milli nummum for unis mille nummis, thus showing clearly that mille is a noun, used in the singular number, that its plural is milia, and that it even forms an ablative case.
    • 70 BCE, Cicero, In Verrem 2.148:
      nōn mīlle, nōn duo, nec tria mīlia, sed ad ūnās ūnius agrī decumās trīticī modium trīgintā voluisse addere
      was prepared to pay not a thousand, not two, not three thousand, but thirty thousand pecks of wheat above the going price for the individual tithes of one single district
    • 27 BCE – 25 BCE, Titus Livius, Ab urbe condita libri 42.55:
      Chalcide cum Attalō et quattuor mīlibus peditum, mīlle equitum ad cōnsulem vēnit.
      A thousand horsemen came to the consul from Chalkis, accompanied by Attalus and by four thousand foot soldiers.
    • c. 117 CE, Tacitus, Annales 13.40:
      et tergum mīlle equitēs tuēbantur
      and a thousand horsemen were guarding the rear
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Iob.42.12:
      Dominus autem benedīxit novissimīs Iob magis quam prīncipiō eius, et facta sunt ei quattuordecim mīlia ovium, et sex mīlia camēlōrum, et mīlle iuga boum, et mīlle asinae
      Moreover, God blessed Job's last days more than at the beginning, as 14000 sheep were made, and 6000 camels, and a thousand yoke of oxen, and a thousand female donkeys.
Usage notesEdit
  • The singular form can be:
    • originally a neuter noun with singular agreement taking the noun in genitive plural: mīlle mīlitum vēnit;
    • an indeclinable adjective with plural agreement, by analogy with other cardinal numerals: mīlle mīlitēs vēnērunt ("a thousand soldiers came");
    • or even a neuter noun with plural agreement, perhaps in a partitive sense: as in mīlle mīlitum vēnērunt.
  • The plural form normally behaves as a fully-declinable neuter noun of the third declension, with which the predicate agrees, as in duo mīlia mīlitum capta ("two thousand soldiers were captured");
    • but not if part of a compound numeral, and not with personal reference in the absence of a genitive, in which case it's an adjective, as in duo mīlia quīngentae (mīlitēs) captae ("two thousand five hundred women (soldiers) were captured"), tria mīlia captī ("three thousand were captured").
  • An ablative singular form mīllī also occurs - see usage examples.
  • For additional information see Appendix:Latin cardinal numerals.
DeclensionEdit

Semi-indeclinable numeral.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem./Neut. Masc./Fem./Neut.
Nominative mīlle mīlia
mīllia
Genitive mīlium
mīllium
Dative mīlibus
mīllibus
Accusative mīlia
mīllia
Ablative mīlibus
mīllibus
Vocative mīlia
mīllia
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Shortened from Latin mīlle passūs, mīlle passuum (Roman mile, literally a thousand of paces).

NounEdit

mīlle n

  1. a mile, particularly a Roman mile of 8 stades (stadia); 1,000 paces (passūs); or 5,000 feet (pedes)
DeclensionEdit

Semi-indeclinable numeral.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mīlle mīlia
mīllia
Genitive mīlle mīlium
mīllium
Dative mīlle mīlibus
mīllibus
Accusative mīlle mīlia
mīllia
Ablative mīlle mīlibus
mīllibus
Vocative mīlle mīlia
mīllia
SynonymsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “mīlle”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 379-380
  • mille in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mille in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mille in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a mile away: a mille passibus
    • to be fined 10,000 asses: decem milibus aeris damnari
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag

Middle FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French mile, from Latin mīlle (thousand) (plural mīlia).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

mille (usually invariable, plural milles)

  1. thousand

Usage notesEdit

  • Mille is usually invariable in phrases like quatre mille (four thousand) but the plural milles is attested.

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • mille on Dictionnaire du Moyen Français (1330–1500) (in French). See formes tab for examples of milles

NormanEdit

Norman cardinal numbers
 <  999 1000 1001  > 
    Cardinal : mille

Etymology 1Edit

From Old French mile, from Latin mīlle (plural mīlia).

NumeralEdit

mille

  1. (Jersey) thousand
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English mile.

NounEdit

mille m (plural mille)

  1. (Jersey) mile

SardinianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mille, from Proto-Italic *smīɣeslī, from Proto-Indo-European *smih₂ǵʰéslih₂. Cognates include Italian mille and French mille.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

mille m (plural miza)

  1. one thousand (1000)

SwedishEdit

NumeralEdit

mille

  1. (colloquial) Clipping of miljon.

NounEdit

mille c

  1. (colloquial) an amount of money corresponding to one million (of a given currency)

TarantinoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mille, from Proto-Italic *smīɣeslī, from Proto-Indo-European *smih₂ǵʰéslih₂. Cognates include Italian mille and French mille.

NumeralEdit

mille

  1. thousand