Reconstruction:Proto-Italic/-āō

This Proto-Italic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Italic

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Etymology

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    From Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂-yé-ti: *-eh₂-yé-ti > intermediate phase **-ājō with syncope of the diphthong -yé and accent shift > Proto-Italic *-āō.

    Cognate with Proto-Germanic *-ōną (referring to the whole conjugation in which the infinitive is *-ōną), Ancient Greek -άω (-áō, contracted verb), Proto-Celtic *-āti, Sanskrit -आयति (-ā́yati) and Proto-Balto-Slavic *-ā́ˀtei (whence the infinite Proto-Slavic *-ati, referring again to the whole conjugation).

    Suffix

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    *-āō

    1. Forms primarily denominative verbs.

    Inflection

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    Inflection of *-āō (first conjugation)
    Present *-āō
    Perfect
    Aorist
    Past participle *-tos
    Present indicative Active Passive
    1st sing. *-āō *-āōr
    2nd sing. *-ās *-āzo
    3rd sing. *-āt *-ātor
    1st plur. *-āmos *-āmor
    2nd plur. *-ātes *-ām(e?)n(ai?)
    3rd plur. *-ānt *-āntor
    Present subjunctive Active Passive
    1st sing. *-āēm? *-āēr?
    2nd sing. *-āēs? *-āēzo?
    3rd sing. *-āēd? *-āētor?
    1st plur. *-āēmos? *-āēmor?
    2nd plur. *-āētes? *-āēm(e?)n(ai?)?
    3rd plur. *-āēnd? *-āēntor?
    Perfect indicative Active
    1st sing.
    2nd sing.
    3rd sing.
    1st plur.
    2nd plur.
    3rd plur.
    Aorist indicative Active
    1st sing.
    2nd sing.
    3rd sing.
    1st plur.
    2nd plur.
    3rd plur.
    Present imperative Active Passive
    2nd sing. *-ā *-āzo
    2nd plur. *-āte
    Future imperative Active
    2nd + 3rd sing. *-ātōd
    Participles Present Past
    *-ānts *-tos
    Verbal nouns tu-derivative s-derivative
    *-tum *-āzi

    Derived terms

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    Descendants

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    • Latin: -ō, -āre (first conjugation, etymology 3) (see there for further descendants)