Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ati

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *-ā́ˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *-éh₂ti. The present tense inflection is thematic, effectively continuing Proto-Indo-European *-éh₂yeti.

SuffixEdit

*-ati

  1. From imperfective verbs, forming iterative/durative
    Synonym: *-iti
    *byvati*byti
    *jьmati*ęti (pres. *jьmǫ)
    *vykati*vyknǫti
    *badati*bosti
    *barati*borti
    *xaďati*xoditi
    *garati*gorěti
  2. From perfective verbs, forming imperfective
    *nadymati*nadǫti (pres. *nadъmǫ)
    *jьzděvati*jьzděti
    *jьzpadati*jьzpasti
    *narěkati/*narikati*nareťi
    *napajati*napojiti
  3. From nouns
    Synonyms: *-iti, *-ovati
    *dělati*dělo
  4. From adjectives
    *cělovati*cělъ

Usage notesEdit

  • Usually with vowel lengthening
  • In some cases *-iti is used instead of *-ati (*jьzvoditi*jьzvesti)
  • Sometimes descendants develop twice suffixed forms: *napojavati?, *krajavati

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit