English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin -āris (of, pertaining to).

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. Of, near, or pertaining to; adjective suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
    Synonyms: -al, -an, -ary, -ese, -ic, -id, -ish, -like, -oid, -ory, -ous, -y
    pole + ‎-ar → ‎polar
    line + ‎-ar → ‎linear
    molecule + ‎-ar → ‎molecular
    alveolus + ‎-ar → ‎alveolar
    column + ‎-ar → ‎columnar
Usage notes edit

See usage notes at -al.

Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin -ārius or French -aire.

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. Forming nouns such as vicar, exemplar, bursar, etc.

Etymology 3 edit

From Middle English -ar, -are, variant of Middle English -ere, from Old English -ere. More at -er.

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. Forming nouns such as beggar, liar, pedlar, etc.

Etymology 4 edit

Clipping of star.; modelled after the earlier coinages pulsar and quasar.

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. (astronomy) Used to form names of star types, such as magnetar, collapsar, etc.
Coordinate terms edit

Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit

Aromanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin -ārius, -ārium. Compare Daco-Romanian -ar.

Suffix edit

-ar m

  1. suffix used to denote a profession or craft

Derived terms edit

Azerbaijani edit

Suffix edit

preceding vowel
A / I / O / U E / Ə / İ / Ö / Ü
postconsonantal -ar -ər
postvocalic -yar -yər

-ar

  1. Postconsonantal form of -ər after the vowels A / I / O / U.

Basque edit

Etymology 1 edit

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. Alternative form of -tar (demonym-forming suffix)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From ar (male).

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. male (animals)
    katu (cat) + ‎-ar → ‎katar (tomcat)

Etymology 3 edit

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. [+verbal noun] about to
    Itxaron, bukatzear nago.Wait, I'll finish in a moment.

Further reading edit

  • -ar” in Labayru Hiztegia

Catalan edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin -āris (of, pertaining to).

Pronunciation edit

(adjective)

(noun)

Suffix edit

-ar m or f (adjective-forming suffix, masculine and feminine plural -ars)

  1. -ar; forms adjectives of one form indicating that the noun that is modified by the adjective is pertaining to the root word used to form the adjective

Suffix edit

-ar m (noun-forming suffix, plural -ars)

  1. forms nouns indicating where a given crop is grown
    taronger (orange tree) + ‎-ar → ‎tarongerar (orange grove)
  2. forms nouns indicating where something is usually found
    canyís (common reed) + ‎-ar → ‎canyissar (reed bed)

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Latin -āre.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ar (verb-forming suffix, first-person singular present -o, first-person singular preterite , past participle -at)

  1. forms first conjugation verbs indicating an action related to the root word
    col·lecció (collection) + ‎-ar → ‎col·leccionar (to collect)
Conjugation edit
Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Galician edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin -āris (of, pertaining to).

Suffix edit

-ar m or f (adjective-forming suffix, plural -ares)

  1. -ar; forms relational adjectives from nouns
    molécula (molecule) + ‎-ar → ‎molecular (molecular)

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin -āre.

Suffix edit

-ar (verb-forming suffix, first-person singular present -o, first-person singular preterite -ei, past participle -ado)

  1. forms first conjugation verbs indicating an action related to the root word
    fragmento (fragment) + ‎-ar → ‎fragmentar (to fragment)
Conjugation edit
Derived terms edit

From

.

Ido edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French -erItalian -areSpanish -ar, from Latin -āre.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. This ending denotes the present infinitive form of a verb.
    Me volas komprar ca objekto.I want to buy this thing.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

  • -ir (past infinitive tense)
  • -or (future infinitive tense)

Interlingua edit

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. Added to a noun root word, this forms a verb meaning to apply or make use of the root.
  2. Added to an adjectival root word, this forms a verb meaning to render/make (adjective) the object of the verb.

See also edit

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From apocope of final e in -āre, neuter of -āris, dissimilated form (after a preceding l) of -ālis.

Suffix edit

-ar n (genitive -āris); third declension

  1. noun-forming suffix

Declension edit

Third-declension noun (neuter, “pure” i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative -ar -āria
Genitive -āris -ārium
Dative -ārī -āribus
Accusative -ar -āria
Ablative -ārī -āribus
Vocative -ar -āria

Derived terms edit

Ngarrindjeri edit

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. Suffix meaning many and used to denote a plural.
    mimini (woman) + ‎-ar → ‎miminar (women)

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse -ar, the nominative plural ending for masculine a-stem and feminine o-stem nouns.

Suffix edit

-ar m or f

  1. Used to form regular indefinite plurals of most masculine nouns.
    gut (boy) + ‎-ar → ‎gutar (boys)
  2. Used to form regular indefinite plurals of some feminine nouns.
    gjerning (act) + ‎-ar → ‎gjerningar (acts)

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Norse -ar, the genitive singular ending for strong feminine nouns and masculine i- and u-stem nouns.

Alternative forms edit

Interfix edit

-ar m or f

  1. Used to form indefinite genitive singulars of strong feminine nouns and some strong masculine nouns, used in frozen expressions.
    Ein fredar mann.A peaceful man/person.

Etymology 3 edit

From Old Norse -ari.

Alternative forms edit

Suffix edit

-ar m

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, a person who performs the action of the verb.
    Ein som lever av å baka, er ein bakar.One who makes his living baking is a baker.

Etymology 4 edit

From Old Norse -arr, from Proto-Germanic *harjaz (warrior), *warjaz (defender) and *gaizaz (spear).

Suffix edit

-ar m

  1. A name suffix, meaning warrior, guardian or spear

Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Old Occitan -ar, from Latin -āre, infinitive ending of first conjugation verbs.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. Suffix of verbs of the first conjugation

Conjugation edit

Old Galician-Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

From Latin -āre, infinitive ending of first conjugation verbs.

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. forms verbs from nouns or adjectives — forms regular first-conjugation verbs in the impersonal infinitive
  2. forms the first-person singular infinitive of first-conjugation verbs
  3. forms the third-person singular infinitive of first-conjugation verbs

Conjugation edit

Old Norse edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. plural (clarification of this definition is needed)
  2. genitive (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Portuguese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Old Galician-Portuguese -ar, from Latin -āre, infinitive ending of first conjugation verbs.

Pronunciation edit

 
 

  • (Caipira) IPA(key): [ˈaɻ]
  • (Nordestino) IPA(key): [ˈa(ʁ)]
  • Rhymes: (Portugal, São Paulo) -aɾ, (Brazil) -aʁ, (Brazil, with r-dropping) -a

Suffix edit

-ar (verb-forming suffix, first-person singular present -o, first-person singular preterite -ei, past participle -ado)

  1. forms verbs from nouns or adjectives — forms regular first-conjugation verbs in the impersonal infinitive
    asfalto (asphalt) + ‎-ar → ‎asfaltar (to asphalt)
    diálogo (dialogue) + ‎-ar → ‎dialogar (to dialogue)
  2. forms the first-person singular infinitive of first-conjugation verbs
  3. forms the third-person singular infinitive of first-conjugation verbs
Conjugation edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese -ar, from Latin āre.

Pronunciation edit

 
 

  • Rhymes: (Portugal, São Paulo) -aɾ, (Brazil) -aʁ

Suffix edit

-ar m or f (adjective-forming suffix, plural -ares)

  1. forms adjectives from nouns, especially those that already contain an L; -ar
    Synonyms: -al, -ário
Derived terms edit
Category Portuguese nouns suffixed with -ar not found

Romanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin -ārium, accusative of -ārius.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ar m (plural -ari)

  1. Added to a word to denote a profession or craft; -er
    roată (wheel) + ‎-ar → ‎rotar (wheeler)
    oală (pot) + ‎-ar → ‎olar (potter)
    fier (iron) + ‎-ar → ‎fierar (blacksmith)
    vacă (cow) + ‎-ar → ‎văcar (cowherd)
    porc (pig) + ‎-ar → ‎porcar (swineherd)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-ařь.

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /aːr/

Suffix edit

-ar (Cyrillic spelling -ар)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, a person who does something, or an animal who does something.

Usage notes edit

Nouns with this ending may use either the non-palatal declension (V sg. -e, I sg. -om) or the palatal declension (V sg. -u, I sg. -em), e.g. s pekarom or s pekarem.

Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  • Browne, Wayles (1993), “Serbo-Croat”, in Comrie, Bernard; Corbett, Greville G., editors, The Slavonic Languages, London and New York: Routledge, page 320
  • Babić, Stjepan (2002), Tvorba riječi u hrvatskome književnome jeziku, 3rd revised edition, Zagreb: HAZU, page(s) 122, § 321

Slovene edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *-ařь.

Suffix edit

-ar m

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun.

Derived terms edit

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈaɾ/ [ˈaɾ]
  • Rhymes: -aɾ
  • Syllabification: -ar

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin -āris.

Suffix edit

-ar m or f (adjective-forming suffix, masculine and feminine plural -ares)

  1. indicates membership or status
    gránulo (granule) + ‎-ar → ‎granular (granular)
    testículo (testicle) + ‎-ar → ‎testicular (testicular)

Suffix edit

-ar m (noun-forming suffix, plural -ares)

  1. indicates a place where something is grown
    Synonym: -al
    anís (anise) + ‎-ar → ‎anisar (anise field)
    haba (bean) + ‎-ar → ‎habar (bean patch)
    sandía (watermelon) + ‎-ar → ‎sandiar (watermelon patch)

Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Latin -āre, the infinitive ending of first conjugation verbs.

Suffix edit

-ar (verb-forming suffix, first-person singular present -o, first-person singular preterite , past participle -ado)

  1. forms first conjugation verbs indicating an action related to the root word
    programa (program) + ‎-ar → ‎programar (to schedule)
Conjugation edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. Suffix for the indefinite plural form of nouns of the second declension.
  2. Suffix for the present tense, active voice, indicative mood for the absolute majority of Swedish verbs.

Usage notes edit

For verbs, it is more customary to identify the -a of this 'suffix' as belonging to the stem of the verb, and thus only consider -r to be the suffix. However, the verbs which in present tense ends in the letters -ar are commonly called -ar-verbs, as to differentiate them from -er-verbs and verbs which doesn't end in -a in infinitive.

Turkish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Form of -er after the vowels A / I / O / U.

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. Simple present and aorist tense marker.

Etymology 2 edit

Form of -er after the vowels A / I / O / U.

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. Makes adjectives out of verbs.
  2. Makes nouns out of verbs.

Etymology 3 edit

Post-consonantal form of -er after the vowels A / I / O / U.

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. Derives distributive numbers.

Etymology 4 edit

From Ottoman Turkishـر(-r, -er, -ar), from Proto-Turkic *-gar.[1]

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. Derives Intransitive verbs from names of colors.
    kara (black) + ‎-ar → ‎kararmak (to turn black, to darken)
    ak (white, light) + ‎-ar → ‎ağarmak (to turn white, to whiten)
    mor (purple) + ‎-ar → ‎morarmak (to turn purple, to bruise)
  2. Derives Transitive verbs from nouns.
    ev (home, house) + ‎-er → ‎evermek (to marry off)
    ön (front, ahead) + ‎-er → ‎önermek (to put forward, to propose)

References edit

  1. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), "+gAr-" - in Nişanyan Sözlük

Welsh edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Brythonic *-ar, from Proto-Celtic *-aros, from Proto-Indo-European *-Hrós.[1] (See byddar (deaf).)

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ar

  1. adjectival suffix
    cynt (before, earlier) + ‎-ar → ‎cynnar (early)
    diwedd (end) + ‎-ar → ‎diweddar (late)

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Morris Jones, John (1913) A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative, Oxford: Clarendon Press, § 153 i (4)

Further reading edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “-ar”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies