-ar

Contents

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin -aris ‎(of, pertaining to)

SuffixEdit

-ar

  1. Of, near, or pertaining to; adjective suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
    line, linear
    alveolus, alveolar
    column, columnar
TranslationsEdit

Usage notesEdit

If the root word ends in r, the variant -al is often used instead. Sometimes both forms are used: linear, lineal.

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin -arius or French -aire

SuffixEdit

-ar

  1. Forming nouns such as vicar, exemplar, bursar, etc.

Etymology 3Edit

Alteration of -er or -or

SuffixEdit

-ar

  1. Forming nouns such as beggar, liar, pedlar, etc.

AromanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -ārius, -ārium. Compare Daco-Romanian -ar.

SuffixEdit

-ar m

  1. suffix used to denote a profession or craft

CatalanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin -aris ‎(of, pertaining to)

SuffixEdit

-ar

  1. -ar; used to form adjectives of one form indicating that the noun that is modified by the adjective is pertaining to the root word used to form the adjective.
  2. Used to form nouns indicating where a given crop is grown.
  3. Used to form nouns indicating where something is usually found.

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin -āre.

SuffixEdit

-ar

  1. Used to form first conjugation verbs indicating an action related to the root word.

Derived termsEdit



IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Italian -are, Spanish -ar, from Latin -āre.

SuffixEdit

-ar

  1. This ending denotes the present infinitive form of a verb.
    Me volas komprar ca objekto.
    I want to buy this thing.

Derived termsEdit


Related termsEdit

  • -ir ‎(past infinitive tense)
  • -or ‎(future infinitive tense)

InterlinguaEdit

SuffixEdit

-ar

  1. Added to a noun root word, this forms a verb meaning to apply or make use of the root.
  2. Added to an adjectival root word, this forms a verb meaning to render/make (adjective) the object of the verb.

See alsoEdit


NgarrindjeriEdit

SuffixEdit

-ar

  1. Suffix meaning many and used to denote a plural.
    mimini (woman) - miminar (women)

Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ar m, f

  1. Used to form regular indefinite plurals of most masculine nouns.
    Ein gut, fleire gutar.
    A boy; several boys.
  2. Used to form regular indefinite plurals of some feminine nouns.
    Ei gjerning, fleire gjerningar.
    An act; several acts.

See alsoEdit


OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Provençal -ar, from Latin -āre, infinitive ending of first conjugation verbs

SuffixEdit

-ar

  1. Suffix of verbs of the first conjugation

Old NorseEdit

SuffixEdit

-ar

  1. plural
  2. possessive

PortugueseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Portuguese -ar, from Latin -āre, infinitive ending of first conjugation verbs.

SuffixEdit

-ar

  1. forms the impersonal infinitive of first-conjugation verbs
    • 2007, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e as Relíquias da Morte (Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows), Rocco, page 373:
      Devíamos fechar os olhos dele.
      We should close his eyes.
  2. forms the first-person singular infinitive of first-conjugation verbs
  3. forms the third-person singular infinitive of first-conjugation verbs
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Portuguese -ar, from Latin -aris.

SuffixEdit

-ar

  1. forms adjectives from nouns, especially those that already contain an L; -ar
SynonymsEdit

RomanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -ārium, accusative of -ārius.

SuffixEdit

-ar m ‎(plural -ari)

  1. Added to a word to denote a profession or craft; -er
    roată ‎(wheel) + ‎-ar → ‎rotar ‎(wheeler)
    oală ‎(pot) + ‎-ar → ‎olar ‎(potter)
    fier ‎(iron) + ‎-ar → ‎fierar ‎(blacksmith)
    vacă ‎(cow) + ‎-ar → ‎văcar ‎(cowherd)
    porc ‎(pig) + ‎-ar → ‎porcar ‎(swineherd)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-arjь.

SuffixEdit

-ar (Cyrillic spelling -ар)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, person who does something or an animal.

See alsoEdit


SpanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin -aris.

SuffixEdit

-ar ‎(plural -ares)

  1. In adjectives, indicating membership or status
    gránulo ‎(granule) → granular ‎(granular)
    testículo ‎(testicle) → testicular ‎(testicular)
  2. In nouns, indicating a place where something is grown
    sandía ‎(watermelon) → sandiar ‎(watermelon patch)
    haba ‎(bean) → habar ‎(bean patch)
SynonymsEdit
  • (indicating a place): -al
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

From Latin -āre, the infinitive ending of first conjugation verbs.

SuffixEdit

-ar

  1. The infinitive suffix for many verbs.
ConjugationEdit

See: Appendix:Spanish verbs in -ar

See alsoEdit


SwedishEdit

SuffixEdit

-ar

  1. Suffix for the indefinite plural form of nouns of the second declension.
  2. Suffix for the present tense, active voice, indicative mood for the absolute majority of Swedish verbs.

Usage notesEdit

For verbs, it is more customary to identify the -a of this 'suffix' as belonging to the stem of the verb, and thus only consider -r to be the suffix. However, the verbs which in present tense ends in the letters -ar are commonly called -ar-verbs, as to differentiate them from -er-verbs and verbs which doesn't end in -a in infinitive.

Read in another language