This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *súdarwas. Cognante with Lithuanian sū́drus (thick, dense).

Usually explained as a compound of Proto-Indo-European *h₁su- (well, good) + *dóru (tree, wood). Morphologically *sъ- +‎ *dorv-. Akin to Proto-Germanic *triwwiz (true) and Albanian drenjë/dreng (strong, healthy) (via different endings).

However, the lack of Winter's law on the first member of the compound (cf. the apparent cognate compound in Lithuanian sū́drus (thick, dense) where Winter's law did operate) has led Meillet to connect *sъdòrvъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *súdarwas to Sanskrit ध्रुव (dhruva, firm, solid) and Avestan 𐬛𐬭𐬎𐬎𐬀(druua). The original form would thus be *sъ̀dorvъ with accent shifted by Dybo's law.



  1. healthy


Accent paradigm a.

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Further readingEdit


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*sъdòrvъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 478: “adj. o (a) ‘healthy’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “sъdorvъ”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “a sund (PR 133; MP 22)”