This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *gadas, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ-.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian guodas (honour, worship, hospitality), Latvian guods (honour, banquet, wedding)

Indo-European cognates include Proto-Germanic *gōdaz (> English good, Gothic 𐌲𐍉𐌸𐍃 (gōþs, good), Old High German guot)


*gȍdъ m[1][2]

  1. suitable, right time
  2. holiday, feast
  3. time, term
  4. year (East and South Slavic)


Alternative formsEdit

See alsoEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: годъ (godŭ)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

Further readingEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “год”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “год”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 198
  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1979), “*godъ / *goda”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 06, Moscow: Nauka, page 191
  • Šanskij, N. M. (2004), “год”, in Školʹnyj etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [School Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Drofa


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*gȏdъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 172: “m. o ‘right time’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “godъ”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c tid, frist (PR 137; RPT 84ff.)”