Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/gordъ

This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic

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Etymology

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From Proto-Balto-Slavic *gárdas, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰordʰ-os, from *gʰerdʰ-.

Reconstruction notes

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In the Pskov-Polotsk, North Smolensk and North Vitebsk dialects, a barytone accent paradigm is noted. In the North Pskov dialects it is noted nom.sg. горо́д (goród), gen.sg. горо́да (goróda), dat.sg. горо́ду (goródu), loc.sg. на горо́де (na goróde), instr.sg. за горо́дом (za goródom); in the Tikhvin dialects, в горо́д’е (v goród’e) is noted. In the Pskov monuments, a reflex different from the accent paradigm c is also noted gen.sg. и без Нова горо́да (i bez Nova goróda), dat.sg. к Новоу горо̀ду (k Novu goròdu), loc.sg. в Новѣ горо́дѣ (v Nově goródě).

Noun

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*gõrdъ or *gȏrdъ m[1][2][3]

  1. fortification, castle
  2. town, city

Inflection

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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Further reading

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  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “город”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1980), “*gordъ / *gorda / *gordь”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), numbers 7 (*golvačь – *gyžati), Moscow: Nauka, page 37

References

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  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) “*gȏrdъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 178:m. o (c) ‘fortification, town’
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) “gordъ gorda”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List[1], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander:d enclosed fortified place (NA 102; SA 22, 70, 146f.; OSA 41, 141; PR 137; MP 20; RPT 105)
  3. ^ Kapović, Mate (2007) “The Development of Proto-Slavic Quantity”, in Wiener Slavistisches Jahrbuch[2], University of Vienna, page 6:*gȏrdъ
  4. ^ Brückner Aleksander (1927) Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego (in Polish):Prasłowo; przestawione u nas z *gord