град

See also: гряд and grad

BelarusianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

град (hradm inan (genitive гра́ду, uncountable)

  1. (meteorology) hail

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit


BulgarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *gȏrdъ.

NounEdit

град (gradm

  1. town, city
DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ, from Proto-Indo-European *greh₃d-.

NounEdit

град (gradm

  1. hail, hailstorm
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

град (gradm

  1. grad (unit of measurement)
DeclensionEdit

MacedonianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *gȏrdъ.

NounEdit

град (gradm (related adjective градски)

  1. city, town
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ.

NounEdit

град (gradm

  1. hail
DeclensionEdit

RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ, from Proto-Indo-European *greh₃d- or *ǵʰreh₃d-. Cognate with Lithuanian gruodas (Proto-Balto-Slavic *grōda-), Latin grandō, Old Armenian կարկուտ (karkut), Sanskrit ह्रादुनि (hrāduni, hail) and possibly with English grind.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

град (gradm inan (genitive гра́да, uncountable, diminutive гра́дик)

  1. (meteorology) hail
    Град идётGrad idjótIt’s hailing.
  2. volley, shower
    град пульgrad pulʹhail of bullets
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic градъ (gradŭ), which is a reflex of Proto-Slavic *gȏrdъ. Doublet of го́род (górod), which was normally inherited by pleophony. Old Church Slavonic word shows liquid metathesis characteristic of South Slavic area.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

град (gradm inan (genitive гра́да, nominative plural гра́ды, genitive plural гра́дов)

  1. (poetic, antiquated) town, city, used as a common city name suffix (Волгоград, Калининград, Ленинград)
    стольный градstolʹnyj gradcapital (city)
    (modern Russian: столи́ца (stolíca))
    Synonym: (regular term) го́род (górod)
DeclensionEdit
Related termsEdit

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *gȏrdъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

гра̑д m (Latin spelling grȃd)

  1. city, town
  2. fortress, castle
  3. (usually after the proposition у) downtown, city centre
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ, from Proto-Indo-European *greh₃d-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

гра̏д m (Latin spelling grȁd)

  1. hail
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin gradus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

гра̑д m (Latin spelling grȃd)

  1. (mathematics) gradian
  2. degree (measuring unit in various systems; the more usual and general term is сте̏пе̄н or сту̑пањ)
DeclensionEdit

UkrainianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ɦrɑd]
  • (file)

NounEdit

град (hradm inan (genitive гра́ду, nominative plural гра́ди, genitive plural гра́дів)

  1. (meteorology) hail

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit