Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/orbъ

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan). According to the majority view, cognate with Ancient Greek ὀρφανός (orphanós, orphaned), Latin orbus (orphaned), Old Armenian որբ (orb, orphan; orphaned) and Sanskrit अर्भ (árbha, small). Per Derksen, probably also cognate with Proto-Germanic *arbaidiz.

NounEdit

*õrbъ m[1][2][3]

  1. servant, slave

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: робъ (robŭ)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

Further readingEdit

  • Trubačóv, Oleg, Žuravljóv, Anatolij, editors (2005), “*orbъ/*orba”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 32, Moscow: Nauka, page 131
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “раб”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Савва Михайлович (2012), “22 Древнерусских глаголических надписи-граффити XI–XII веков из Новгорода” in Slovo, vol. 62, pp. 63-99.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*orbъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 373: “m. o ‘servant, slave’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “orbъ”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b? slave (PR 134)”
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “rọ̑b”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “*orbъ̏”