See also: Rab, Ráb, råb, раб, rąb, and Rąb

Czech

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Russian раб (rab), from Old Church Slavonic рабъ (rabŭ), from Proto-Slavic *õrbъ. Doublet of rob, an inherited form.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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rab m anim

  1. serf, slave
    Synonyms: nevolník, otrok

Declension

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Further reading

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  • rab”, in Příruční slovník jazyka českého (in Czech), 1935-1957
  • rab”, in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého (in Czech), 1960–1971, 1989

Hungarian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from a South Slavic language, perhaps from Serbo-Croatian ра̏бrȁb, ultimately from Proto-Slavic *orbъ.[1]

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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rab (not comparable)

  1. captive
    Antonym: szabad

Declension

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Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative rab rabok
accusative rabot rabokat
dative rabnak raboknak
instrumental rabbal rabokkal
causal-final rabért rabokért
translative rabbá rabokká
terminative rabig rabokig
essive-formal rabként rabokként
essive-modal
inessive rabban rabokban
superessive rabon rabokon
adessive rabnál raboknál
illative rabba rabokba
sublative rabra rabokra
allative rabhoz rabokhoz
elative rabból rabokból
delative rabról rabokról
ablative rabtól raboktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
rabé raboké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
rabéi rabokéi

Derived terms

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Noun

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rab (plural rabok)

  1. captive, prisoner

Declension

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Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative rab rabok
accusative rabot rabokat
dative rabnak raboknak
instrumental rabbal rabokkal
causal-final rabért rabokért
translative rabbá rabokká
terminative rabig rabokig
essive-formal rabként rabokként
essive-modal rabul
inessive rabban rabokban
superessive rabon rabokon
adessive rabnál raboknál
illative rabba rabokba
sublative rabra rabokra
allative rabhoz rabokhoz
elative rabból rabokból
delative rabról rabokról
ablative rabtól raboktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
rabé raboké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
rabéi rabokéi
Possessive forms of rab
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. rabom rabjaim
2nd person sing. rabod rabjaid
3rd person sing. rabja rabjai
1st person plural rabunk rabjaink
2nd person plural rabotok rabjaitok
3rd person plural rabjuk rabjaik

Derived terms

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Compound words
Expressions

Descendants

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  • Old Slovak: rab

References

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  1. ^ rab in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading

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  • rab in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Old Slovak

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Hungarian rab, from Serbo-Croatian ра̏бrȁb, from Proto-Slavic *õrbъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan).

Noun

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rab m (female equivalent rabkyňa)

  1. slave
    Synonyms: otrok, nevoľník
  2. captive, prisoner
    Synonym: väzeň

Derived terms

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nouns

Descendants

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References

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  • Majtán, Milan et al., editors (1991–2008), “rab”, in Historický slovník slovenského jazyka [Historical Dictionary of the Slovak Language] (in Slovak), volumes 1–7 (A – Ž), Bratislava: VEDA, →OCLC

Polish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Russian раб (rab).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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rab m pers

  1. (obsolete) slave, servant
    Synonyms: niewolnik, sługa
    • 1935, Wacław Sieroszewski, Beniowski:
      Więc wolność dla was to możność przewodzenia innym i uciskania ich, bo tutaj nie można niczem innem być, ino rabem albo katem...
      So freedom for you is the ability to lead others and to oppress them, because here you can be nothing other than either a slave or a torturer...

Declension

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Further reading

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  • rab in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Slovak

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Slovak rab, from Hungarian rab, from Serbo-Croatian ра̏бrȁb, from Proto-Slavic *õrbъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan). Doublet of rob, an inherited form.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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rab m anim (feminine rabkyňa, related adjective rabský)

  1. (literary) slave
    Synonyms: otrok, nevoľník, (dialectal) rob

Declension

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Derived terms

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nouns

Further reading

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  • rab”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Volapük

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Etymology

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Borrowed from German Rabe (raven).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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rab (nominative plural rabs)

  1. raven (genus Corvus, crow family Corvidae)

Declension

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Hypernyms

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Hyponyms

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Derived terms

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See also

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White Hmong

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Etymology

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From Proto-Hmong *traŋᴬ (classifier for tools), borrowed from Old Chinese (OC *taŋ, *taŋs, “classifier for flat things (originally things like bows and zithers)”). Cognate with Proto-Mien *truŋᴬ (classifier for tools).[1]

Pronunciation

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Classifier

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rab

  1. classifier for implements tools, utensils, i.e. for things with a handle and used with the hands
    ib rab diava spoon

References

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  • Heimbach, Ernest E. (1979) White Hmong — English Dictionary[1], SEAP Publications, →ISBN, page 274.
  1. ^ Ratliff, Martha (2010) Hmong-Mien language history (Studies in Language Change; 8), Camberra, Australia: Pacific Linguistics, →ISBN, pages 66-7; 231; 282.